مركز الكرامة التعليمي تعليم متميز دقه في توصيل المعلومات بطريقه بسيطه وملخصة زورونا تجدوا ما يسركم لسنا الوحيدون ولكننا المتميزون
 
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 تعلم الانجليزيه كتاب بسيط لسمير حماد مركز الكرامه التعليمي غزه

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تاريخ التسجيل : 28/03/2012
الموقع : الملتقي الفتحاوي

مُساهمةموضوع: تعلم الانجليزيه كتاب بسيط لسمير حماد مركز الكرامه التعليمي غزه    الجمعة يناير 25, 2013 4:19 pm

مركز الكرامة التعليمي
العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 اخر شارع النصر بعد الامن العام بجوار برج الاندلس مقابل سوبر ماركت البنا مركز الكرامه التعليمي معتمد من وزاره التربية والتعليم جوال 9691186ت/2878105



(short forms)
مختصرات الفاعل مع الفعل المساعد
I am I'm
She is She's
He is He's
We are We're
You are You're
They are They're
I was ...........................
They were ...........................
I have I've
She has She's
We had We'd
I do ...........................
He does ...........................
You did ...........................




العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 اخر شارع النصر بعد الامن العام بجوار برج الاندلس مقابل سوبر ماركت البنا مركز الكرامه التعليمي معتمد من وزاره التربية والتعليم جوال 9691186ت/2878105





مختصرات الفاعل مع أداة النفي Not
I am not ...........................
She is not She isn't
He is not He isn't
We are not We aren't
You are not You aren't
They are not They aren't
I was not I wasn't
They were not They weren't
I have not I haven't
She has not She hasn't
We had not We hadn't
I do not I don't
He does not He doesn't
You did not You didn't













الصفات
Adjectives:(happy, tired, hungry, ill, noisy, pretty, beautiful, quite, busy)
1. I am very happy, I've passed my exams.
2. Layla was hungry, She ate 3 sandwiches.
3. The city is noisy ,there's a lot of traffic.
4. Peter is very busy, he's having a party on Thursday.











العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 اخر شارع النصر بعد الامن العام بجوار برج الاندلس مقابل سوبر ماركت البنا مركز الكرامه التعليمي معتمد من وزاره التربية والتعليم جوال 9691186ت/2878105





Comparative / Superlative
صفة التفضيل / صفة المقارنة
- Mona is 5 years old, Fatima is four years old .
- Mona is older than Fatima.
- Fatima is younger than Mona .

Adjective Comparative Superlative
old
big
small
nice
happy
pretty
thin
heavy
tall
hot older
bigger
smaller
nicer
happier
prettier
thinner
heaviest
taller
hotter oldest
biggest
smallest
nicest
happiest
prettiest
thinnest
heaviest
tallest
hottest

Longer adjectives
Adjective Comparative Superlative
beautiful
important
ancient
expensive
interesting more beautiful
more important
more ancient
more expensive
more interesting most beautiful
most important
most ancient
most expensive
most interesting

Subject+ Verb+ Adjective+ Noun.
اسم صفة فعل فاعل
This is a beautiful house.
Our school is a big school.
Comparative + than
1. Ali is taller than Adel.
2. Amira is older than Aisha.
3. London is more expensive than Tripoli.
4. A car is more expensive than a bike .

The + Superlative
1. English is the most interesting subject.
2. My grandfather is the oldest in the family.
3. Using a computer is the most useful.



already فعلا
yet لحد الان
1. I have already finished my homework.
2. I haven't done my homework yet.
3. She has already won the match.
4. She hasn't got the medal yet.
5. He has already packed his suitcase.
6. He hasn't left yet.

Question
1. He has……. had his final exams, but he hasn't got the results………….
2. We have ……. been to the supermarket, but we haven't bought anything ……..
3. Have you had your final exams ……..?
No, not …….






أسماء الإشارة
This هذا This is a bird.
These هؤلاء These are birds.
That ذلك That is a rabbit.
Those أولئك Those are rabbits.


أسئلة معلوماتية
Wh/Questions
Question Words: أدوات الأستفهام
What What is your favourite music?
Where Where do you live?
When When is your birthday?
Who Who is your best friend?
How How are you?
How many How many brothers and sisters have you got ?
Why Why can't you come on Friday?


Q.W.+ helping verb+ subject+ main verb+ object?

مفعول به +فعل رئيسى +فاعل +فعل مساعد +كلمة السؤال?

Make information questions (Use the given question words).
1-We went on a picnic last week.(When)
2-The boys swim in the new swimming pool . (Where)
3-She reads 3 stories a month .( How many )
4- Paul was absent yesterday . (Who)
5-We had an English exam on Tuesday.(What)


الأسئلة المعلوماتية
وهي الأسئلة التي تحتاج الى إضافة معلومة عند الأجابة
Question words: أدوات الاستفهام
What ماذا What is your name?
Where أين Where do you have?
When متى When is your birthday?
Who من الذي Who is speaking?
How كيف How are you?
How many كم العدد How many brothers have you got?
How old كم عمر How old are you?
How often كم مرة How often do you play tennis?

Making information questions:
Q.W. + h.v. + S + m.v. + Obj
Question Word + helping verb + Subject + main verb + Object
أداة استفهام + فعل مساعد + فاعل + فعل رئيسي + مفعول به



العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 اخر شارع النصر بعد الامن العام بجوار برج الاندلس مقابل سوبر ماركت البنا مركز الكرامه التعليمي معتمد من وزاره التربية والتعليم جوال 9691186ت/2878105



Exercise: Make questions, using the given question words:
كون أسئلة باستخدام ادوات الاستفهام
1 My Name is Ahmed. (what)
What is your name?
2 I go running in the sports centre. (where)
Where do you go running?
3 Andy and Charles are going on a picnic on Friday. (when)
When are Andy and Charles going on a picnic?
4 My father speaks good English .(who)
Who speaks good English?
5 I go to school by bus. (How)
How do you go to school?
6 Peter has 3 cats . (How many)
How many cats does Peter have?
7 Layla is 10 years old. (How old)
How old is Layla?
8 Sandy plays tennis every Saturday. (How often)
How often does Sandy play tennis?






العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 اخر شارع النصر بعد الامن العام بجوار برج الاندلس مقابل سوبر ماركت البنا مركز الكرامه التعليمي معتمد من وزاره التربية والتعليم جوال 9691186ت/2878105




Adjective Comparative Superlative
good
bad
little
many
much better
worse
less
more
more best
worst
least
most
most

Q: Fill in the blanks with the suitable from of the given adjective:
1. The city is …….. than the village. (busy)
2. A computer is ……. than a camera. (expensive)
3. Ayoub is …….. than Saleh. (young)
4. The Pyramids are ……. than the Tripoli Castle. (ancient)
5. Sousa is the ……… place in Libya . (beautiful)
6. Ayman is ……… than this brother . (thin)



العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 اخر شارع النصر بعد الامن العام بجوار برج الاندلس مقابل سوبر ماركت البنا مركز الكرامه التعليمي معتمد من وزاره التربية والتعليم جوال 9691186ت/2878105






Change y into i
(S) عند اضافة (i) الى (y) تغيير
If the word ends with a (y) which is preceded by a consonant change (y) into (i)
When you add (S) to the word :
city + s cities
story +s stories
study +s studies
If the word ends with a (y) which is preceded by a vowel keep the (y):
toy + s toys
play + s plays

لفظ حرفC
If the letter (c) is followed by (i, e, y) it is pronounced /S/
( فانه ينطق(س (i, e, y)يليه احد الحروف التالية (c)اذا كان حرف
city
centre
bicycle
cinema


Add (es) instead of (s)

If the word ends with (S, Z, X, CH, SH, O) add es instead of s
(es) بدلا من(s)اضف (S, Z, X, CH, SH, O) اذا انتهت الكلمة باحد الحروف التالية
bus
bush
box
watch
potato
match buses
bushes
boxes
watches
potatoes
matches







العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 اخر شارع النصر بعد الامن العام بجوار برج الاندلس مقابل سوبر ماركت البنا مركز الكرامه التعليمي معتمد من وزاره التربية والتعليم جوال 9691186ت/2878105








الأفعال غير المنتظمة
هي الأفعال التي لا تأخذ الاضافة (ed) عند تحويلها الى زمن الماضي والى اسم المفعول
1-Essential verbs (no particular pattern).
Past Participle Past Present
been was/were be
done did do
got got get
gone went go
had had have
2- Verbs with no change.
Past Participle Past Present
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
hit hit hit
hurt hurt hurt
let let let
put put put
set set set
shut shut shut
3- Verbs with one vowel change.
Past Participle Past Present
fed fed feed
fought fought fight
found found find
hung hung hang
held held hold
led led lead
lit lit light
met met meet
read read read
shone shone shine
shot shot shoot
sat sat sit
slid slid slide
stuck stuck stick
struck struck strike
won won win
4- Verbs with two vowel changes.
Past Participle Past Present
become became become
begun began begin
come came come
drunk drank drink
rung rang ring
run ran run
sung sang sing
sunk sank sink
swum swam swim
5- Verbs changing to -ought or- aught.
Past Participle Past Present
brought brought bring
bought bought buy
caught caught catch
fought fought fight
taught taught teach
thought thought think


6- Verbs with no vowel change, but a change in the final consonant (-
t or-d is changed or added).

Past Participle Past Present
bent bent bend
built built build
burnt burnt burn
laid laid lay
learnt learnt learn
lent lent lend
made made make
sent sent send
smelt smelt smell
spent spent spend
7-Verbs with one vowel and one consonant change.
Past Participle Past Present
dreamt dreamt dream
felt felt feel
heard heard hear
kept kept keep
lent lent lean
left left leave
lost lost lose
meant meant mean
said said say
sold sold sell
slept slept sleep
stood stood stand
told told tell
understood understood understand


8- Verbs with one or two vowel changes and participle ending in-n or -en.

Past Participle Past Present
bitten bit bite
blown blew blow
broken broke break
chosen chose choose
drawn drew draw
driven drove drive
eaten ate eat
fallen fell fall
flown flew fly
forgotten forgot forget
frozen froze freeze
given gave give
hidden hid hide
known knew know
lain lay lie
ridden rode ride
risen rose rise
seen saw see
shaken shook shake
spoken spoke speak
stolen stole steal
sworn swore swear
torn tore tear
thrown threw throw
woken woke wake
worn wore wear
written wrote write


Negative
النفي

Subject+ helping verb+ not+ (main verb)+ object.



مفعول به +(فعل رئيسى ) +not +فعل مساعد +فاعل .

Q/Make these sentences Negative :
1. Salma travelled to Tripoli last week.
2. Mousa watched TV last night.
3. Ahmed and khalil went fishing on Friday.
4. Salih had a party two days ago.
5. The children played football at school .

Make yes/no question



Q/Make Yes/No questions:
1-Sandy and Linda played tennis on Sunday afternoon.
2-Adel enjoyed riding a horse .
3-My father bought anew car last year.
4-Tom drank 3 glasses of orange juice .







العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 اخر شارع النصر بعد الامن العام بجوار برج الاندلس مقابل سوبر ماركت البنا مركز الكرامه التعليمي معتمد من وزاره التربية والتعليم جوال 9691186ت/2878105









الجنسية
1-Ahmad is from Libya.
2-He is Libyan.
3-Peter is from England.
4-He is English.

Country Nationality
England
Spain
Turkey
Poland
Sweden
Denmark English
Spanish
Turkish
Polish
Swedish
Danish
America
Germany
Mexico
Australia
Canada
India
Argentina
Morocco
Egypt American
German
Mexican
Australian
Canadian
Indian
Argentinian
Moroccan
Egyptian
Pakistan
Bangladesh
Iraq Pakistani
Bangladeshi
Iraqi
Vietnam
Japan
Sudan
Lebanon Vietnamese
Japanese
Sudanese
Lebanese
France French

Answer these questions

1. Bill is from ………, He's English .
2. Aisha was born in Turkey, She's …………
3. This television is made in ………., Its Japanese .

الضمائر الشخصية
1. Subject pronouns ضمائر الفاعل
2. Object pronouns ضمائر المفعول
3. Possessive adjectives صفات الملكية
4. Possessive pronouns ضمائر الملكية
5. Reflexive pronouns الضمائر الانعكاسية

1. Types of personal pronouns:
Reflexive
Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Possessive Adjective Object Pronoun Subject Pronoun
myself mine my me I
our selves ours our us we
yourself - yourselves yours your you you
themselves theirs their them they
himself his his him he
herself hers her her she
itself its its it it

Note the following structure:
Subject + verb + Object .

A: Subject Pronouns:

I go to school at 8a.m. in the morning.
Ali is a mechanic.
He is a mechanic.
Nada is a nurse.
She is a nurse.





B_ Object Pronouns:

Salem gave me a gift.
My father bought me a present for my birthday.
Jamal brought his brother a nice watch.
Jamal brought him a nice watch.
The teacher asked Ali and Sara.
The teacher asked them.
The mechanic fixed the car.
The mechanic fixed it.
C –Possessive Adjectives:
This is my car.
Salma's father is a doctor.
Her father is a doctor.
Bill's car is very old.
His car is very old.
Salma and Bill's school is far.
Their school is far.

D_Possessive Pronouns:
1. Whose book is this?
2. It's mine.
3. That isn't his pen.
4. It's hers.
5. Is their school new?
6. Ours is very old.
E _Reflexive Pronouns:
1. I made this cake myself.
2. They fixed the car themselves.
3. Belal lifted the heavy box himself.
4. Can you answer the questions yourself?





العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 اخر شارع النصر بعد الامن العام بجوار برج الاندلس مقابل سوبر ماركت البنا مركز الكرامه التعليمي معتمد من وزاره التربية والتعليم جوال 9691186ت/2878105






Q/Complete the following with the suitable from of the given pronouns:
1. Susan likes skiing very much. She usually goes skiing with .........(she) parents.
2. Our teacher is a good teacher. He gives ........(we) a lot of practice.
3. It is raining now. I don't think .......(she) is coming.
4. Their house is bigger than.......(we) .
Answer:

Q/Complete the following with the suitable from of the given pronouns:
Last week I met my friend Ranya. I hadn't seen ……. (she) since ……… (we) were at the primary school. Now ……….(she) is a teacher and works at the college. Now………. (she) lives with ………. (she) family in a big house in Tripoli. ……… (she) father is a doctor. ……… (he) works in the new hospital. ……… (she) mother is an engineer. …….. (she) father always takes ………(he) wife and Ranya to work in the morning. ………. (they) all leave the house at 8 o'clock
















Subject pronouns
ضمائر الفاعل Object pronouns
ضمائر المفعول به possessive pronouns 1
ضمائر الملكية 1 possessive pronouns 2
ضمائر الملكية 2
I me my mine
You you your yours
We us our ours
They them their theirs
He him his his
She her her hers
It it its its
في حالة استخدام ضمير الملكية 1 يجب أن يتبع الضمير باسم.
في حالة استخدام ضمير الملكية 2 لا يحتاج الضمير الى أن يتبعه اسم.
I
I play foot ball.
Ali gave me a book.
This is my pen.
That bag is mine.




He
He is an engineer.
His friend sent him a letter.
That is his ruler.
This dictionary is his.
This dictionary is Ali's.


You
You are a student .
The teacher gave you a pen.
This is pen your pen.
This pen is yours.
We
We are friends.
The teacher gave us homework.
This is our car.
That house is ours.
She
She is a nurse.
I gave her a book.
That is her book.




الأفعال المنتظمة: هي الافعال التي نضيف اليها (ed) عند تحويلها الى زمن الماضي
وإلى اسم المفعول

Verbs in English have three forms:
present
مضارع past
ماض past participle
اسم المفعول
play played played
study studied studied
work worked worked
finish finished finished
help helped helped
add added added
listen listened listened
open opened opened
close closed closed
I play tennis everyday.
Ahmed played football yesterday.


Singular مفرد Plural جمع
Regular Nouns أسماء منتظمة
Singular Plural
book books
pen pens
desk desks
school schools


This is a book. These are books.
Ahmed has a pen. Ali has three pens.

I I am a doctor. أنا
You You are a student. أنت أنتم
We We are friends. نحن
They They are farmers. هم
He He is a teacher. هو
She She is a nurse. هي
It


It is a house.


لغير العاقل




Question

Fill in the blanks with the suitable subject pronouns:
(He, I , We, It)
(1) .................... am happy.
(2) .................... are students.
(3) .................... Is thirsty.
(4) .................... is a house.

















أحوال / ضروف التكرار
always دائما
usually عادة
often غالبا +Present Simple Tense
sometimes احيانا
never ابدا

1-I always go to school by bus .
2- She usually plays tennis on the afternoon .
3-He often does judo.
4- We some times do weight lifting.
5- They never go to school late .

Make Questions:
1-I sometimes wake up at 6.00 am.
2-We never waste our time .
3-She usually visits her grandmother.
4-He often goes running .
5-They always go to the Mosque on Friday



صيغة الفعل الماضي المستمر
Subject فاعل + was كان +Verb فعل +(ing)+Object مفعول به
were كانوا
Examples:
1) I was having a cup of coffee at 4 o'clock yesterday.
2) She was doing her homework in the afternoon.
3) We were playing football yesterday.

Exercise (1):
Fill in the following spaces with the suitable choice:
1- Aisha .......... her mother .
(is helping, are helping, was helping, were helping)
2- Linda and Sally .......... their home work yesterday.
(were doing, was doing, is doing, are doing)
3- I .......... studying Maths yesterday.
(am, is, was, were)

4- My friends Mohammad and Adel ...............playing tennis on Sunday.
(is, are, was, were)
5- They .......... using the computer two days ago.
(is, was, were, have)
6- My father.......................working in the garden yesterday morning.
(were, was, is, has)
7- The cat ............... drinking the milk.
(is, were, was, are)
8- Peter ..................reading the news paper in the afternoon.
(is, was, has, had)
9- The students ..............................having their exams last week.
(are, is, were, has)

Exercise (2):
Change the following sentences into the Negative.
1- The children were playing with the ball.
2- The teacher was talking to the students.
3- I was having a cup of tea
Exercise (3):
Make Questions:
1- The students were studying English.
2- The doctor was talking to the nurse.
3- I was helping my father.




1-Ali played football yesterday.
2- Amna visited her grandmother last week.
3- Sally worked hard for her last exam.
4- Peter won the first prize.
5- Bill helped his uncle on his farm.
6- Jaw and Joe studied English last year.
7- Andy came first in the race.











صيغة الفعل المضارع المستمر
Subject + am أكون + Verb فعل + (ing) + Object مفعول به
is يكون
are نكون
Examples:
(1) I am drinking coffee.
(2) She is speaking English.
(3) We are playing Chess.

Exercise
Fill in the blanks with the correct choice:
(1) Ann ................... English.
(is studying are studying were studying )
(2) My brother ......................... football.
( is playing, are playing, play, were playing)
(3) Bob and Bill .......................... the guitar now.
(Is playing are playing play were playing )
(4) Linda and Simon ................ to school yesterday.
(are going were going is going goes )

Change the following statements into the Negative and make Questions.
1 I am reading a book.
2 He is studying English.
3 We are playing chess.


(have / has ) + past participle (p.p)
(have / has ) + صيغة اسم المفعول

1. I have worked hard .
2. She has learned French .
3. He has been to India .
4. Andy and John have decided to do Judo.
5. Susan has done her homework.
6. Ali has won the first prize .
7. Adel and Kamal have passed their final Exams.
8. I have eaten two sandwiches.
9. We have had a nice party .
10. They have enjoyed fishing.









Make questions:
1. I have done very well in the exam .
2. Layla has bought a new bag.
3. Andre has found a new job.
4. we have enjoyed the holiday .
5. Bob has lost his book.
Make Questions:
1-We have been to the zoo.
2-Ibrahim has swum in the pool .
3-Karim and younis have left to Cairo .
4- Salwa has listened to music .
Q: Make questions asking about the underlined words:
1-The boys have played football.
2-Susan has won the first prize .
3-David has eaten 5 apples .
4-The players have practiced in the sport centre .
5-We have had a birthday party last week .


العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 اخر شارع النصر بعد الامن العام بجوار برج الاندلس مقابل سوبر ماركت البنا مركز الكرامه التعليمي معتمد من وزاره التربية والتعليم جوال 9691186ت/2878105




Q: Make the following sentences Negative:
1. I have changed schools .
2. My sister has cleaned the house .
3. We have moved since 1980 .
4. He has spent all his money.
5. We have done our home work.
6. David has learned English.
7. Rema and her friend have been shopping..
8. The boys have won the football match.
Q/ Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the given verb:
1. How long have you ………. In Libya. (be)
2. I …………. never seen a dinosaur in my life. (have)
3. Sally and Peter have ……… to India. (travel)
4. ……… John ever eaten snails ? (eat)
5. Pablo and peter have never ……….. fishing. (go)

Short Answers
Give Short Answers:
1. Have you ever been to London?
Yes, I have .
2. Has your mother ever driven a car?
No, she hasn't.
3. Have your friends invited you to a birthday party?
Yes, they have .
4. Has Dan ever ridden a horse?
Yes, he has .
5. Have you been to the Pyramids?
No, I haven't.


صيغة الفعل المضارع البسيط
Examples
I am a doctor.
She is a nurse.
He plays football.
We go to school everyday.
My father has a car.
I do my homework everyday.
I have a dictionary.

(Subject + Verb + Object) Statement مثبت
فاعل + فعل + مفعول به
(Subject + Verb + not + Object) Negative منفي
فاعل + فعل + not + مفعول به
(Verb + Subject + Object ?) Question سؤال
فعل + فاعل + مفعول به























1 I am a student. Statement
I am not a student. Negative
Are you a student? Question
2 Bob eats an apple. Statement
Bob doesn't eat an apple. Negative
Does Bob eat an apple? Question
3 Abdullah plays tennis. Statement
Abdullah doesn't play tennis. Negative
Does Abdullah play tennis? Question
4 He is a doctor. Statement
He isn't a doctor. Negative
Is he a doctor? Question
5 We play football. Statement
We don't play football. Negative
Do you play football? Question
6 She works hard. Statement
She doesn't work hard. Negative
Does she work hard? Question
7 They have a farm. Statement
They don't have a farm. Negative
Do they have a farm? Question
8 He has a bike. Statement
He doesn't have a bike. Negative
Does he have a bike? Question
9 You do judo. Statement
You don't do judo. Negative
Do you do judo? Question
10 Sally does her home work. Statement
Sally doesn't do her home work. Negative
Does Sally do her home work?




Question

صيغة الفعل الماضي البسيط
(Subject + Verb + Object) Statement مثبت
فاعل + فعل + مفعول به
(Subject + Verb + not + Object) Negative منفي
فاعل + فعل + not + مفعول به
(Subject + Verb + Object)? Question سؤال
(فاعل + فعل + مفعول به ?

1 I liked the blue jacket. Statement
I did not like the blue jacket Negative
Did you like the blue jacket? Question
2 He wanted to go to Tripoli. Statement
He did not want to go to Tripoli. Negative
Did he want to go to Tripoli? Question
3 I was happy. Statement
I wasn't happy. Negative
Were you happy? Question
4 He was thirsty. Statement
He wasn't thirsty. Negative
Was he thirsty? Question
5 They were hungry. Statement
They weren't hungry. Negative
Were they hungry? Question
6 I used the computer. Statement
I didn't use the computer. Negative
Did you use the computer? Question
7 We studied English. Statement
We didn't study English. Negative
Did you study English? Question
8 She ate two oranges. Statement
She didn't eat two oranges. Negative
Did she eat two oranges? Question
9 David wrote a letter yesterday. Statement
David didn't write a letter yesterday. Negative
Did David write a letter yesterday? Question


Exercise (1):
Choose the correct verb:
(1) I .................. tennis every Tuesday.
(play plays played playing)
(2) They ...................... hard yesterday.
(work works worked working)
(3) Layla ...................... to music.
(listen listening listens listened)
(4) Ali ..................... the exam last week.
(pass passed passes passing)
.

Exercise (2):
Change into the Negative:
(1) Muna was at school.
(2) Fatima and Selma were happy.
(3) We went to the zoo.
(4) Salwa liked the new book.
(5) Hassan played football yesterday.
(6) Ahmed finished his homework.
(7) Aisha cleaned the house.

Exercise (3):
Make Questions:
(1) Muna was at school.
(2) Fatima and Selma were happy.
(3) We went to the zoo.
(4) Salwa liked the new book.
(5) Hassan played football yesterday.
(6) Ahmed finished his homework.
(7) Aisha cleaned the house.



(He, She, It)
إلى الفعل المضارع s علينا أن نضيف He, She, It إذا كان الفاعل في الجملة
Add (-s) to the verb
He likes English.
John likes English.
She works hard.
Anna works hard.
It plays with the ball.
The cat plays with the ball.


صيغ الأفعال
Regular Verbs
الأفعال المنتظمة
Irregular Verbs
الأفعال الشاذة






Verb to be: (am, is, are, was, were)
I am أكون Present Tense
He - She - It is يكون
You - We - They are نكون

I - He - She - It was كان Past Tense
You - We - they were كانوا
Examples:
I am a teacher.
He is a a doctor.
She is a girl.
It is a camel.
We are girls.
She was happy.
We were at work.


Exercise:
Fill in these sentences with the correct verb (am, is, are )
(1) He ....................... a teacher.
(2) They ..................... friends.
(3) I ............................ a nurse.
(4) You ....................... a student.
(5) We ......................... happy.
(6) It ............................. a tree.
(7) She ........................... a doctor.
Change into Negative
تحويل إلى النفي
Make Questions

























(have, has, had)

I - We - You - They have أملك / عندي Present Tense
He - She - It has يملك / عنده



I - You - We - They - He - She - It had Past Tense

Examples:
1 I have a book.
2 She has a bag.
3 They had a cat.
Exercise:
Fill in the blanks with (have , has, had)
(1) She ...................... a cat.
(2) You ..................... a yellow book.
(3) They .................... a party last night.
(4) He ........................ a blue pen.
(5) Jack ...................... an exam yesterday.
(6) We ........................ an English lesson every Monday.
Do you want to see the Answers?
have معاني أخرى للفعل
أتناول/ أشرب I have tea for breakfast.
يأكل Ahmed has an apple with lunch.
أقام My friend had a party yesterday.
لدي I have got a big house.
لديها Fatima has got a nice bag.
قد أكملت I have finished my homework.



I - You - We - They do أعمل
Present Tense
He - She - It does يعمل


I - You - We - They - He - She - It did Past Tense

Examples:
(1) I do my home work.
(2) He does judo.
(3) We did our home work in the afternoon.

Exercise:
Fill in the blanks with ( do , does, did)
(1) I ........................... my homework every day.
(2) My sister ................... her homework every afternoon.
(3) They ........................ Judo on Monday.
(4) Sally ................... her homework yesterday.
Do you want to see the Answers.
Change into Negative
تحويل إلى النفي
Make Questions
تكوين سؤال




العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 اخر شارع النصر بعد الامن العام بجوار برج الاندلس مقابل سوبر ماركت البنا مركز الكرامه التعليمي معتمد من وزاره التربية والتعليم جوال 9691186ت/2878105




ٍ Since منذ
For لمدة
I have worked at this hospital for five years.
I haven't seen my friend since 1999.
He has studyied English since 1998.
They have waited for us at the airport for an hour.

SINCE + the beginning of the time . تأتي مع بداية الوقت
FOR + the duration of the time . تأتي مع طول المدة
(SINCE)
1-I haven't seen my friend Ahmed since 1998.
2- I have worked in this company since 1995.
3-We have been in Benghazi since my birth .
4- She has waited for her friend since 5 o'clock .
5- He hasn't been to the sea since last summer.




(FOR)
1-I haven't been to Tripoli for 3 years .
2-She has worked hard for the whole year .
3-Ali has waited for his friend for 2 hours .
4-I have been here for the last two months .
5-Peter has traveled to London for 2 weeks.

For + 2 years Since+ yesterday
4 days January
3 months last month
a week 5 o'clock
5 hours my birthday
ages last week
a while last year
few minutes


1995
Q/ Fill in the blanks with since or for:
1. She hasn't been to Egypt …….. 2000.
2. We have waited for you …….a long time.
3. Peter has fixed the car …….. yesterday.
4. I haven't changed my car……..7 years.
5. I haven't seen my friend ……… a week .

Ago/Yet

We visited the Pyramids in Cairo two years ago.
We haven't been to the Taj Mahal in India yet.
Q: Fill in with since /for / ago / yet .
1-Ahmad has worked in this company ……………….November.
.2-Sally has studied engineering at the university…………….2003.
3-She hasn't finished her work …………..
4-I've been to London six years ……….
5- We've played volleyball ……..an hour .
6- She's practiced ……….a year.





أحوال / ضروف التكرار
always دائما
usually عادة
often غالبا +Present Simple Tense
sometimes احيانا
never ابدا

1-I always go to school by bus .
2- She usually plays tennis on the afternoon .
3-He often does judo.
4- We some times do weight lifting.
5- They never go to school late .

Make Questions:
1-I sometimes wake up at 6.00 am.
2-We never waste our time .
3-She usually visits her grandmother.
4-He often goes running .
5-They always go to the Mosque on Friday



العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 اخر شارع النصر بعد الامن العام بجوار برج الاندلس مقابل سوبر ماركت البنا مركز الكرامه التعليمي معتمد من وزاره التربية والتعليم جوال 9691186ت/2878105







أسئلة معلوماتية
Wh/Questions
Question Words: أدوات الأستفهام
What What is your favourite music?
Where Where do you live?
When When is your birthday?
Who Who is your best friend?
How How are you?
How many How many brothers and sisters have you got ?
Why Why can't you come on Friday?


Q.W.+ helping verb+ subject+ main verb+ object?

مفعول به +فعل رئيسى +فاعل +فعل مساعد +كلمة السؤال?

Make information questions (Use the given question words).
1-We went on a picnic last week.(When)
2-The boys swim in the new swimming pool . (Where)
3-She reads 3 stories a month .( How many )
4- Paul was absent yesterday . (Who)
5-We had an English exam on Tuesday.(What)












الأسئلة المعلوماتية
وهي الأسئلة التي تحتاج الى إضافة معلومة عند الأجابة
Question words: أدوات الاستفهام
What ماذا What is your name?
Where أين Where do you have?
When متى When is your birthday?
Who من الذي Who is speaking?
How كيف How are you?
How many كم العدد How many brothers have you got?
How old كم عمر How old are you?
How often كم مرة How often do you play tennis?

Making information questions:
Q.W. + h.v. + S + m.v. + Obj
Question Word + helping verb + Subject + main verb + Object
أداة استفهام + فعل مساعد + فاعل + فعل رئيسي + مفعول به





Exercise: Make questions, using the given question words:
كون أسئلة باستخدام ادوات الاستفهام
1 My Name is Ahmed. (what)
What is your name?
2 I go running in the sports centre. (where)
Where do you go running?
3 Andy and Charles are going on a picnic on Friday. (when)
When are Andy and Charles going on a picnic?
4 My father speaks good English .(who)
Who speaks good English?
5 I go to school by bus. (How)
How do you go to school?
6 Peter has 3 cats . (How many)
How many cats does Peter have?
7 Layla is 10 years old. (How old)
How old is Layla?
8 Sandy plays tennis every Saturday. (How often)
How often does Sandy play tennis?








Section 1. Choose the correct answer – A, B, C or D

1. Many medicines ……………………… from plants.
A) will make B) are making C) have made D) are made


2. Is it worth ………………………the film again?
A) seeing B) see C) to see D) seen

3. If she doesn't want the dress, ……………………… it to her sister.
A) I gave B) I'd give C) I'll give D) I've given

4. Do you know how ……………………… the wheel of a car?
A) to change B) changing C) change D) changed


5. We had better not ……………………… without saying goodbye.
A) gone B) went C) go D) going

6. She's very good ……………………… making people feel comfortable.
A) at B) on C) of D) in


7. Can you wait a minute? I'm just ……………………… a letter.
A) finish B) finishing C) finished D) to finish

8. If I had known that you were carrying heavy bags, I …............ met you at the station.
A) will have B) would have C) would D) had to


9. Why is your mouth red? Have you ……………………… the cherries?
A) were eating B) ate C) been eaten D) been eating


10. You're not allowed ………………………… on the grass.
A) in sitting B) have sat C) for sitting D) to sit

11. I wouldn't swim in the sea at night even if you……………………. me!
A) paying B) will pay C) paid D) pays


12. Can I help you? - No, thank you, I'm……………. served by this lady.
A) be B) was C) being D) been

13. There aren't. ……………people at this football match today, are there?
A) some B) many C) much D) most


14. When I have passed my driving test, my parents ….... me drive their car.
A) let B) will let C) have let D) letting



15 I've rung the builders many times but they ………… haven't answered my calls.
A) still B) yet C) until D) already


Section 2 - Choose the correct answer: a, b, c or d



1. I was …………… full that I couldn't eat another bite.
a) such b) so c) quite d) as


2. While the lion …………… the bird ate his meat.
a) was sleeping b) is sleeping c) has slept d) will sleep


3. The fish came very …………… when they saw the food on the water.
a) quick b) quicker c) quickly d) quickest


4. The girl has gone to the field …………… her horse.
a) for feeding b) feed c) to feed d) fed


5. Michael is very interested …………… becoming a pilot.
a) of b) on c) to d) in


6. Both Tim and Alex …………… ill on the last school trip.
a) is b) were c) are d) was

7. …………… is your new teacher like?
a) What b) How c) Which d) Whose

8. You go to Central High School, ……………?
a) is it? b) don't you? c) aren't you? d) does it?

9. If you …………… more careful, you wouldn't have broken the vase.
a) are being b) will be c) had been d) have been

10. There is a nice playground for the children …………… live in the houses nearby.
a) which b) where c) what d) who


11. The sheep live up in the mountains …………… the winter.
a) during b) while c) at d) since


12. My dad …………… the car if he'd looked in his mirror.
a) wouldn't have crashed b) wouldn't be crashing c) wouldn't crash d) hadn't crashed


13. At the race on Saturday, I ran faster than I have ………… run before.
a) ever b) already c) never d) always


14. Most people enjoy .…………… a holiday by the sea.
a) have b) to have c) having d) had

15. Before I went out in the snow, I put …………… my hat.
a) into b) out c) onto d) on



Section 3 - The word in brackets at the end of the sentence can be used to form a word fitting the blank space. Write down the appropriate word.


1. How much ………….…… can that van carry? (WEIGH)
2. My room was so ………….…… that I couldn't see any of the floor! (TIDY)
3. It is ………….…… to see a short basketball player. (USUAL)
4. On the ………….…… page you'll find the explanation. (FOLLOW)
5. I ………….…… onions because they make you smell awful. (LIKE)
6. ………….…… cooking is some of the best in the world. (CHINA)
7. The ………….…… washes the floors as soon as the children have gone home. (CLEAN)
8. Anna won the race ………….…… . (EASY)
9. John had a ………….…… look on his face. (THOUGHT)
10. The woman spoke very ………….…… about her successful son. (PROUD)



Section 4 - Choose the correct answer in each sentence: A, B, C or D
1. If the boy…………… the purse, he would have told his mother.
A will steal B had stolen C would steal D would have stolen
2. They haven't had their house……………… in over 50 years.
A decorate B decorated C decorating D to decorate
3. They couldn't afford…………… their children to university.
A send B to send C sending D having sent
4. I wish I …………… harder when l was at school.
A studied B was studying C had studied D would study
5. That meat smells awful. I think it's gone ……………. .
A off B by C out D over
6. Little…………… how stupid she looked in that hat.
A did she realise B she realised C has she realised D she has realised
7. It's high time they .………….. a new car.
A buy B are buying C bought D will buy
8. Let's go to the beach tomorrow, ……………?
A do we B shall we C are we D will we .
9. Can you tell me ………….. to get to the town hall from here?
A how B where C which D what
10. If you phone John now, I can tell you that he …………… his favourite TV programme.
A will watch B has watched C is being watched D will be watching


TOEFL TEST

TEST A TEST B

Test A
Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence:
1. Al’s doctor insists _________ for a few days
(A) that he is resting (C) him to rest
(B) his resting (D) that he rest
2. I don’t like iced tea and _________ .
(A) she doesn’t too (C) neither does she
(B) either doesn’t she (D) she doesn’t either
3. We wish that you _________ such a lot of work, because we know that you
would have enjoyed the party.
(A) hadn’t had (C) didn’t have had
(B) hadn’t (D) hadn’t have
4. Since your room mate is visiting her family this weekend, _________ you like to
have dinner with us tonight?
(A) will (C) do
(B) won’t (D) wouldn’t


5. Please_________ photocopies of the documents.
(A) not to submit (C) no submit
(B) do not submit (D) not submit
6. I _________ bacon and eggs every morning.
(A) am used to eat (C) am used to eating
(B) used to eating (D) use to eat
7. The team really looks good tonight because the coach had them _________ every night.
(A) practice (C) practiced
(B) to practice (D) the practice
8. Would you mind, _________ please?
(A) to answer the phone (C) answer the telephone
(B) answering the phone (D) to the telephone answering
9. You _________ your seats today if you want to go to the game.
(A) had better to reserve (C) had better reserve
(B) had to better reserve (D) had to reserve better
10. If it _________ so late we could have coffee.
(A) wasn’t (C) weren’t
(B) isn’t (D) not be
11. Your sister used to visit you quite often, _________ ?
(A) didn’t she (C) wouldn’t she
(B) doesn’t (D) hadn’t


12. If Bob _________ with us, he would have had a good time.
(A) would come (C) had come
(B) would have come (D) came
13. Frankly, I’d rather you _________ anything about it for the time being.
(A) do (C) don’t
(B) didn’t do (D) didn’t
14. Since they aren’t answering their phone, they _________ .
(A) must have left (C) need have left
(B) Should have (D) can have left
15. We were hurrying because we thought that the bell _________ .
(A) had already rang (C) had already rung
(B) has already rang (D) had already ringing


TEST B
Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence:
1. I hadn't expected James to apologize but I had hoped __________ .
(A) him calling me (C) him to call me
(B) that he would call me (D) that he call me
2. My husband lived at home before we were married, and so __________.
(A) did I (C) I had
(B) had I (D) I did


3. Does your new secretary __________ shorthand?
(A) know to take (C) know how take
(B) know how to take (D) know how taking
4. Tommy had his big brother __________ his shoes for him.
(A) to tie (C) tied
(B) tie (D) tying
5. I wish that the weather __________ not so warm.
(A) was (C) were
(B) be (D) is
6. His English teacher recommends that he __________ a regular degree program.
(A) begin (C) will begin
(B) begins (D) is beginning
7. Let's go out for dinner, __________ ?
(A) will we (C) shall we
(B) don't we (D) are we
8. I'd __________ the operation unless it is absolutely necessary.
(A) rather not have (C) rather not to have
(B) not rather had (D) rather not having
9. Would you please __________ write on the test books?
(A) don't (C) not
(B) not to (D) to not
10. The old man asked her to move because he __________ in that chair.
(A) used to sit (C) used to sitting
(B) was used to sit (D) was used to sitting

11. After the way she treated you, if I __________ in your place, I wouldn't return the call.
(A) be (C) was
(B) am (D) were
12. If I __________ the flu I would have gone with you.
(A) hadn't (C) didn't have
(B) hadn't had (D) wouldn't have had
13. He's taken his medicine, __________ ?
(A) hasn't he (C) doesn't he
(B) didn't he (D) isn't he
14. Your mother and I are looking forward __________ you.
(A) of seeing (C) to see
(B) for seeing (D) to seeing
15. It is imperative that you __________ there in person.
(A) be (C) will
(B) will he (D) are



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