مركز الكرامة التعليمي ابراج الكرامة بغزه برج 3 جوال0599691186لصاحبه سمير حماد

مركز الكرامة التعليمي تعليم متميز دقه في توصيل المعلومات بطريقه بسيطه وملخصة زورونا تجدوا ما يسركم لسنا الوحيدون ولكننا المتميزون
 
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تاريخ التسجيل : 28/03/2012
الموقع : الملتقي الفتحاوي

مُساهمةموضوع: الوحدة التاته توجيهي    الجمعة أكتوبر 11, 2013 5:05 am

مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال9691186

طائر الفنيق
في
مادة/اللغة الانجليزية
English for Palestine

Grade-12
الوحده الثالثه
2014
Abbreviations-Adj-comparative-tenses
مع كتابنا لا تحتاج لكتاب المدرسة



إعداد م/سميرحماد
نوان/ابراج الكرامة برج رقم 3 اخر شارع النصر
ت/2878105 جوال 9691186

Unit Three
Environmental sense makes economic sense

In 1968, (1) Glyn Heaps was getting just £9 (2) a week at a large glass company near Liverpool in Britain. When he (3) heard that the organization had a growing problem with paper waste, he immediately said, ‘I’ll take it. (4)’
He bought an old truck and took the waste to his mother’s back garden. There, he and his wife sorted and packed it(5) and then sold it(6) to local paper manufacturers. Soon they were recycling and selling a ton(7) a week – and making £40. (Cool
With Glyn’s daughter Rachel now the head of the company, the original husband-and- wife business has grown into Centrol Recycling Group. Today, Centrol employs 100 people and recycles 250,000 tons of paper, metal, glass, plastic and wood every year.
The company is continuing to grow rapidly in Britain and is starting new companies abroad.
Clearly, recycling has become big business. How has this (9) happened? Well, to start with, we all produce a lot more waste than we used to. In most developed economies, (*1) the amount is around one ton(10) per person per year. Moreover, the waste has become harder to deal with. Most plastic, for example, does not break down and will last for thousands of years. Increasing quantities are also toxic(*2) : things like oil and paints are very poisonous.
Traditional methods of waste disposal were careless and have become environmentally unacceptable. (*3) Most rubbish used to be dumped or burned, either on land or at sea.
Uncontrolled air, ground and water pollution were the result. Today, everyone understands that waste disposal needs expert skills.
Burying rubbish – ‘landfill’ – remains the most common form of waste disposal, but it(11) is becoming an expensive choice. This(12) is partly because landfill sites now have to be carefully constructed to prevent pollution – toxic leaks into the groundwater, for example. It is also because the world is running out of holes in the ground to fill with waste. Both of these changes are making landfill more and more expensive.
Due to disposal costs alone, it therefore now makes good economic sense to recycle as much as possible.
Moreover, there are several other major economic points to consider.
Recycling has positive cost advantages in itself. (13) Making a completely new aluminum can costs 20(14) times as much as recycling an old one. Similarly, the world now makes a quarter of its (15) new steel from recycled metal, and the USA has recently raised this(16) to a third.
Recycling therefore saves the producer money and helps to limit consumer price rises. Recycling also creates a lot of jobs. In America, for example, more people now work in recycling than in metal mining. There are]thousands(17) of different sorts of jobs, too. On the one hand, there is the Indian worker who turns old car tires into water pipes for the farming industry. On the other, there is the IT expert at Centrol who has designed a program to show new customers the environmental effects of recycling.
He(18) can do this(19) in many different ways – from cuts in emissions to the number of trees that it(20) can save..
In today’s world, then, recycling not only makes very good environmental sense, but also extremely good economic sense.
















































 جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد

 How did Glyn Heap's life change in 1968?
He started recycling business and earned money than he earned in his old job.

1- What figures today show that Glyn's decision in 1968 was a good one ?
His company now employs 100 hundred people and recycles 250.000 tones of waste per year
2- What general points does the writer make with Glyn's story?
Recycling is profitable and has become big business .
مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال9691186
In the US many people now work in recycling than in metal mining .

3- What are the reasons that made landfill disposal become expensive ?
sites have to be carefully constructed to prevent pollution
ترجمة الاسئه بالاعلي
- كيف تغيرت حياة غلين كومة عام 1968؟
بدأ إعادة التدوير التجارية وكسب المال من حصل في وظيفته القديمة.

2 - ما أرقام اليوم تظهر أن القرار جلين عام 1968 كان فكرة جيدة؟
شركته توظف حاليا 100 مائة شخص، وقامت بتدوير 250.000 طن من النفايات سنويا
3 - ما هي النقاط العامة لا للكاتب وجعل مع قصة غلين على ذلك؟
إعادة التدوير هي مربحة وأصبحت الشركات التجارية الكبرى
- . مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد
في الولايات المتحدة وكثير من الناس يعملون الآن في إعادة تدوير مما كانت عليه في تعدين المعادن.

4 - ما هي الأسباب التي جعلت التخلص من مكب النفايات أصبحت مكلفة؟
مواقع يجب أن يتم بناؤها بعناية لمنع التلوث
.
It is difficult to find enough sites to fill with wastes

4- What are the benefits of recycling
It reduces the disposal costs
It saves the producers money and limits price rises
It creates jobs
It makes good environmental sense

5- What are the old methods of waste disposal
Dumping and burning
6- Where most rubbish used to be dumped or burned ? mention the places .
Either on land or at sea
7- What are the problems of waste disposal ?
Air, ground and water pollution
8- What general pressures is pushing business away from landfill waste
- ما هي الأساليب القديمة في التخلص من النفايات
الإغراق وحرق
7 - أين معظم القمامة المستخدمة لتكون ملقاة أو أحرقت؟ يذكر الأماكن.
-
إما على الأرض أو في البحر
8 - ما هي مشاكل التخلص من النفايات؟
تلوث الهواء، والأرض والماء
9 - ما الضغوط العامة وتضغط الأعمال بعيدا عن مكب النفايات
9- disposal and pulling it towards recycling?
Landfill waste disposal is becoming more expensive, while recycling can reduce production costs.
Give examples from the text that show the meaning of the text's " title " n recycling has become big business
10- recycling saves the producers' money environmental sense makes economic sense " ?
Gly
heaps' business
recycling creates a lot of jobs
- التخلص منها وجرها نحو إعادة التدوير؟
التخلص من مكب النفايات أصبحت أكثر تكلفة، في حين إعادة التدوير يمكن أن تقلل من تكاليف الإنتاج.
إعطاء أمثلة من النص الذي يظهر معنى النص "العنوان" ن إعادة التدوير أصبحت الشركات التجارية الكبرى
11 - إعادة التدوير يوفر المال الصعيد البيئي للمنتجين يجعل من الناحية الاقتصادية "؟
GLY
الأعمال أكوام '
إعادة التدوير مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال9691186

 Decide whether each of the following true or false:
a-Burying rubbish remains the most common form of waste disposal and the most expensive( )
b- Centrol company employs 100 people and recycles 150'000 tones of waste( )
c- most plastic doesn’t break down and last for thousands of years.( )
d- Making a complete new Aluminum can costs 20 times as recycling an old one.( )
يبقى دفن القمامة-الشكل الأكثر شيوعا للتخلص من النفايات وأغلى ()
شركة B-Centrol توظف 100 شخص وقامت بتدوير 150'000 طن من النفايات ()
C-معظم البلاستيك لا يتكسر وتستمر لآلاف السنين. ()
د صنع من الألمنيوم جديدة كاملة ويمكن لتكاليف 20 أضعاف إعادة تدوير قديمة. (
 Complete :
a- the old methods of waste disposal are Dumping and burning
مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال9691186
b-the problems of waste disposal are air, ground and water pollution



الطرق القديمة للتخلص من النفايات والإغراق وحرق
B-مشاكل التخلص من النفايات هي تلوث الهواء، والأرض والماء



مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال9691186


الكلمة مرادفها الكلمة
Phone يتصل Callيتصل Moneyنقود
Faulty تالف Brokenمكسور Take out سحب
Only فقط Just فقط Moveينقل
Rubbish قمامة Waste نفايات Set up يرتب
Improve يحسن Do better يعمل أفضل Plan يخطط
Sort نوع Type نوع On day/ before too long غير بعيد
Quantity كمية Amount كمية In fact في الحقيقة
As many as إلى حد Up to إلى حد Difficulty صعوبة
Need يحتاج Require يتطلب Money coming in نقود داخلة
Mend يصلح Repair يصلح Money going out نقود خارجة
Don't forgetلا تنس
verb meaning noun Adjective
collect يجمع collection collective
recycle يعيد تدوير recycling recycled
dispose يتخلص disposal
construct يبني construction constructive
choose يختار choice
consume يستهلك consumption consumptive
ضرورة necessity necessary
مرتبة حسب الأسئلة الواردة في الوحدة

1- In my area, household rubbish collection day is Tuesday. (collect)
2- We will collect materials for recycling separately. (collection)
3- People should recycle as much they can. (recycling)
4- Every house in Britain has a green recycling box. (recycle)
5- It is expensive to dispose of waste. (disposal)
6- Waste disposal costs the country very much. (dispose)
7- The council of Gaza has constructed a public dump for public use. (construction)
8- The dump deals with everything from old fridges, to use oil to construction waste. (construct)
9- At the supermarket you often have a choice. (choose)
10- At the supermarket you can choose the best (choice)

مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال9691186
11-
12- Today, we are all consuming too much energy (consumption)
13- We should try to reduce energy consumption. (consume)
14- There is no necessity to heat every room all the time in the winter. (necessary)
15- It's not necessary to cool every room in summer. (necessity)



meanings الكلمة وما يساويها بالمعني meanings
مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد
Just توا only
Organization منظمه company
Growing ينمو increasing
Immediately حالا at once
manufacturers صناع مصنعين makers
recycling إعادة التدوير إعادة استخدام reusing
rapidly بسرعة بسرعة quickly
common المشتركة المعروفة Well-known
amount كمية المبلغ quantity
toxic السامة السامة poisonous
methods طرق طرق ways
realize تحقيق فهم understand
form شكل النموذج shape
sites أماكن مواقع places
constructed شيدت بني built
waste: النفايات: النفايات rubbish
damage: الأضرار: انهيار breakdown
c- the places where rubbish used to be dumped and burned are land and sea

مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد
الكلمة والعكس Opposites

abroad في الخارج في المنزل at home
Local الدولية المحلية international
break down كسر مشاركة last
careless الإهمال حذرا careful
Prevent منع تسمح allow
positive إيجابي سلبي negative
advantages المزايا العيوب disadvantages
land أرض البحر sea
metal الخشب المعادن wood
Sold تباع اشترى
Bought
أ
مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال9691186

Unit 3
مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد

الحل مرتب حسب الأرقام Ex 9 , p 15 , workbook
1- recycle إعادة تدوير 5- pots أوعية
2- clothes ملابس 6- seeds بذور
3- cloth قماش 7- rainwater مياه الأمطار
4- covers أغطية *****************************************

The Focus section shows that we can reuse or (1) ____________ many things in many ways. For example, it is easy to cut old (2) ____________ into pieces of (3) ____________ that we can then use to make useful things like bed (4) ____________ .We can also use old plastic (5) ____________ to grow flower or vegetable
(6) ____________ , and we can save (7) ____________ to help grow them.

الحل مرتب حسب الأرقام Ex 10 , p 15 , workbook
1- council مجلس 6- achieve يحقق
2- vitalحيوي 7- distribution توزيع
3- necessaryضروري 8- leaking. تسرب
4-living حي 9- broken مكسور
5- patriotic وطني ************************************

The first text on Student’s Book page 7 is part of a leaflet from Gaza City (1) ____________ .It first reminds us that water is (2) ____________ to life: it is a (3) ____________ to every (4) ____________ thing. It then asks people to be responsible and (5) ____________ , helping to conserve water and to (6) ____________ fairer
water (7) ____________ to everybody. The leaflet goes on to call for people to report
(Cool ____________ water pipes and to mend connections that are (9) ____________.

الحل مرتب حسب الأرقام Ex 11 , p 15 , workbook
1- wasteful مسرف 6- dump حاوية نفايات
2- recycling اعادة تدوير 7- electronic الكتروني
3- rubbish قمامة 8- faulty معطل
4- collection تجميع 9- get started يبدأب
5- disposal تخلص **********************************************

The Council is worried that people are too (1) ____________ in the way they throw things out, and that they are not doing enough about (2) ____________ . The leaflet explains that dealing with waste from our homes is
expensive. First, there is the (3) ____________ of (4) ____________ from people’s homes, and then there is the problem of safe (5) ____________ of all this waste at the (6) ____________ . The leaflet goes on to show that what we throw out includes things like paper, aluminum cans and (7)
____________ waste such as old computers – things that are often recycled in other countries. Then it shows how ordinary people are finding ways of recycling materials and repairing (Cool ____________ equipment. This is to persuade everybody else to

مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد
السؤال الرابع :سؤال المقاييس الكمية ويأتي على شكل خيارات ex 3 , 4 , p14 , workbook
1- I want to buy a meter of (cloth- milk – seeds).
2- I want to buy a packet of (cloth – milk – seeds)
3- I want to buy a carton of (cloth – milk – rice).
4- I want to buy a can of (cloth – rice – cola).
5- I want to buy a bag of (cloth – cola – seeds)
6- There are 400 litters of (rubbish – water – concrete)
7- There are some pieces of (concrete – rubbish – water)
8- This amount weights 295.000 tons of (concrete- rubbish – water).
مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال9691186
السؤال الخامس : المعدود و غير المعدود
Countable/Uncountable
يأتي هذا السؤال في أغلب الأحيان على شكل خيارات لتحديد الصيغة أيمكن جمعها أم لا و قد يأتي ضمن أسئلة الورقة الثانية


احذر هذا السؤال /
قد يأتيك سؤال اختيارات ويطلب منك فيه تحديد ماهية الكلمة إذا كانت معدودة أم غير معدودة :
مثال :
I need some information about this site . the underlined word is
( countable \ uncountable \ intransitive \ transitive )
واليك جميع كلمات المعدود وغير المعدود الموجودة في الكتاب الوزاري
Ex 6 , p 14 , workbook
Uncountable Countable
Aluminum car
Equipment computer
money newspaper
Concrete seed
News bottle
Rubbish city
water Hospital
Furniture ولك إضافة ما تريد من الكلمات
information
Oil

Ex 8 , p 15 , workbook
يعتمد التمرين السابع على فهم التمرين الثامن من نفس الصفحة
Choose the correct answer forth following :
1- She has been to Jerusalem many (time – times – some time )
2- I haven't got ( times – time – sometime), now, so let's talk tomorrow.
3- This ______ ( material – materials ) is too thin for a winter Jacket.
4- Lots of light – weight (materials – material ) are used in modern cars.

مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال9691186

5- Please keep all waste (Paper – Papers) for recycling.
6- The boy has broken the ( glass – glasses ) of that window .
7- The blind men prefer to wear black ( glass – glasses )

مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد
• السؤال السادس مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد
• المقاييس Measurements ( هذا السؤال يأتي في الورقة الأولى و الثانية , فإن كان على شكل خيارات يأتي في الأولى وإن كان على شكل أقواس يأتي في الورقة الثانية )
Page 38 , ex. 1 / 2 student nook
الصفات الأسماء
Deep (عميق) Depth (عمق)
High (مرتفع) Height (ارتفاع)
Long (طويل) Length (طول)
Wide (عريض) Width (عرض)
قوانين الحل
قانون الاسم من اليسار
القياس + of + (الاسم) + a + have/ has + الاسم الموصوف
قانون الصفة من اليسار
(الصفة) + القياس + is/are + الاسم الموصوف
قانون القياس المعرف من اليسار
( ) + of + الاسم الموصوف + is \ are _ القياس
• يأتي سؤال المقاييس على ثلاثة أشكال
الشكل الأول:
1-The dam is 3,830 m long. (length)
ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
2-The lake is 3m deep. (depth)
ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
3-The dam has a height of 3m. (high)
ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
4-The wall has a width of 2m. (wide)
ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
5-The lake has a depth of 30m . (the depth)
ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ مركز الكرامة التعليمي
6-The river has a length of 600 km. (The length)
ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
الشكل الثاني: شكل الخيارات
1. The lake has ( a depth – deep – of deep) of 20m.
2. The wall is 35m (width – the width – wide)
3. The dam (has – is – have ) a height of 20m.
4. The lake (has – is – have) 30m wide.
5. The width of the lake (has- is – are- have) 25m.
الشكل الثالث:
1. The lake is 300m wide. (has)
ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
2. The tower has a height of 20m. (is)
ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
• السؤال السابع
• مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد
Directions الاتجاهات

• ( هذا السؤال يأتي في الورقة الأولى و الثانية , فإن كان على شكل خيارات يأتي في الأولى و إن كان على شكل أقواس يأتي في الورقة الثانية مثله مثل سؤال المقاييس )
Page 38 , ex. 3 / 4 / 5 student nook
صفة الاتجاه اسم الاتجاه
شمالي Northern شمال North
جنوبي Southern جنوب South
شرقي Eastern شرق East
غربي Western غرب West
قوانين الحل
الاسم = the + of
الصفة = لا شيء
مسافة + to = الاسم + the
مسافة بدون to = الاسم بدون the
جميع الأشكال الممكنة على سؤال الاتجاهات:
1- Aswan is in (south – southern – the south ) of Egypt.
2- Aswan is in (south – southern – the south ) Egypt.
3- Cairo is in ________ of Egypt (North)
4-

5- Rafah is in _______ Palestine (South)
6- Aswan is 650km (south – southern – the south ) of Egypt.
7- Gaza city is 30km to (north east – the north east – northern eastern) of Rafah.
8- Jerusalem is in northern Palestine. (the north)
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9- Rafah is in the south of Palestine . (southern)
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مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد
Modals

الأفعال الناقصة
تكمن أهمية الأسئلة الثلاثة الأولى في أنها غالبا ما تأتى على شكل خيارات
شكل السؤال
Complete the following sentences with the appropriate modal verb from the box:

Mustn't May would
I think It's going to rain. /But it __________. There's some blue sky over there. 1-
It's a very important meeting, so you ___________ be late. 2-
3-My brother was kind and said he was sure I ____________ pass.
ملاحظة الكلمات المعلمة بالون الأسود قد تساعدك في الاستدلال على الإجابة
و إليك جميع أسئلة الكتاب
Modal verbs: present forms
Exercise 1 page 16 workbook
Modals
M. verb الاستخدام الزمن
Will (not)سوف للتأكيد كلمات المستقبل :
tomorrow , next , in the future , the coming , 2020, etc
كلمات التأكيد :
sure , know , promise , 100% , ly , etc

if في الحالة الأولى مع مضارع
May (not) ربما غير متأكد I think , I do not know كلمات الشك ,, not sure , 60% , etc مضارع
Can يستطيع كل أفعال الدنيا ما لم يتوفر شرط يوجب فعل ناقص آخر , هي حالة توحي بالاستطاعة understand , carry , أمثال الأفعال speak , etc مضارع


Can't لا يستطيع
هي عدم القدرة على فعل شيء, يوحي لها في الدرس . . كلمة impossible
و لكن المعاجز أكثر من ذلك بكثير مضارع













ملاحظة : الكلمات الدالة معلمة في التمرين كي يسهل التعرف على الحل
1. Complete each sentence with an appropriate modal verb from the box.

can/cannot (can't) يستطيع may/may not ربما will/will not(won't) سوف

1) If we hurry, we _____________ be able to catch the bus.
2) I think It's going to rain. /But it __________. There's some blue sky over there.
3) __________ you understand the problem? / Yes, but what's the answer?
4) ____________ you definitely be on time tomorrow? /Yes, I promise.
5) If the team loses again, they ___________ get another chance to win the championship until next year.
6) There's too much work to do. We just ___________ finish in time. It's impossible.

Exercise 3 page 16 workbook
Modals
M. verb الاستخدام الزمن
Must (not ) يجب للضرورة عندما تجد جو السؤال به جدية و غالبا ما يستخدم الضمير you مضارع
(not) have to
يجب لعدم الإلزام للتدليل على عدم الاكتراث أو عدم جدية الأمر أو يكون الأمر داخلي من عند نفسي و غالبا ما يستخدم الضمير I مضارع
Should ( not )
للنصيحة عندما تجد جو السؤال فيه نصح مثل عدم الإسراف أو التكثير من أكل شيء الخ و لا تحد معها الضمائر مضارع















ملاحظة : الكلمات الدالة معلمة في التمرين كي يسهل التعرف على الحل

2. Complete each sentence with an appropriate modal verb from the box.
have to / not have to يجب لعدم الإلزام must / must not (mustn't) يجب للضرورة should / should not (shouldn’t) يجب للنصيحة
1- It's a very important meeting, so you ___________ be late.
2- It's a holiday tomorrow, so I ____________ get up early.
3- I feel ill! / You _____________ see the doctor.
4- It seems to me that you ____________eat so much chocolate. It's not very good for you.
5- Do you really ___________ go ? /Yes, I'm sorry. It's getting late.
6- Tell us one thing that we really ____________ do to succeed./ The most essential thing is to plan carefully.
7- You __________ spend your money so quickly.
8- It's a beautiful day. We ____________ take a picnic and go out for the day.


. Exercise 5 page 17 workbook

M. verb الاستخدام الزمن
Was able to / كان قادرا على

couldn't لم يستطع لإظهار القدرة و عدم القدرة على فعل شيء ماضي
Had to كان يجب
Did not have to
لم يكن يجب لإظهار وجوب فعل شيء أو عدم وجوبه في الماضي ماضي
Would سوف
Would not لن نفس شروط will في التمرين السابق إلا إنها تستخدم غالبا في الماضي أو على الأقل بمقتضى التمرين الموجود ماضي
Might
ربما نفس شروط may في التمرين السابق إلا إنها تستخدم في الماضي أو على الأقل بمقتضى التمرين الموجود و احتماليتها اقل من احتمالية may ماضي
















ملاحظة : الكلمات الدالة معلمة في التمرين كي يسهل التعرف على الحل



مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد


3. Complete each sentence with a past modal form from the box
هذه الأسئلة في الزمن الماضي لذا راقب تحول الأفعال الناقصة إلى صيغة الماضي

was able to/couldn't (كان قادرا على) had to /didn't have to (كان يجب) might (ربما) would/ wouldn't (سوف)

1- I was very worried because I knew I _________ fail my driving test. I felt that I only had a 50% chance of passing it.
2- My brother was kind and said he was sure I ____________ pass.
3- I _________ take the test in our town because it was too small to have a test centre.
4- That meant that I ___________ catch the bus to Nablus.
5- Luckily, I ___________ get up too early because the test was not until mid-day.
6- But not so luckily, I slept till 11:00. I just _______ wake up!
7- The reason? I ________ sleep the night before because I was so worried about the test.
8- I ran all the way to the bus stop. I was really scared that I __________be their in time.
9- I almost missed the buss, but I________ jump on the bus just as it was leaving
10- And as for the test, well, Dad met me afterwards with a car, an I _____ drive home as a qualified driver.

سؤال هام جدا Exercise 4 page 16 workbook
صيغة أخرى لأسئلة الأفعال الناقصة
قانون الحل
me I
Need to
Ought to

+ ( ) + بعد (to) الفعل + بقية الجملة


يجب الانتباه للجملة إذا كانت منفية لنفي الفعل الناقص أو استفهامية لوضع علامة الاستفهام
us We
it It
him He
her She
them They
you You
X You
Ali Ali

 Rewrite each sentence so that it has the same meaning and contains the word in brackets (in positive or negative form)
1- It's a good idea to check your writing carefully. (should)
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2- It's necessary for us to revise before the exams. (need)
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3- Don't miss the football match next week. (must)
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4- Is it possible for us to practice basketball after school ? (may)

ـــــــــــ مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ
5- It's possible that I'll visit my cousins in Amman. (might)
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6- It isn't necessary to go if you don't want to. (have to)
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7- Is it important for me to answer the letter? (ought)
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8- I'd like you to call me tomorrow. (could)
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 Rewrite each sentence. Use could or would to be more indirect and polite.
Exercise 2 page 16 workbook صيغة أخرى
1- Can I borrow your book please? ( could)
_________________________________________________
2- I prefer to go home now. (would like)
_________________________________________________

3- Do you want to see the photos? (Use like)
_________________________________________________
4- Please bring me that magazine. (could)
_________________________________________________
5- Do you want her to call you ? (would) (like)
_______________________________________________

مركز الكرامة التعليمي جوال 9691186 ت2878105 العنوان ابراج الكرامة برج 3 غزه بعد النصر اعداد ا/سميرحماد





الوحدة الثالثة Unit : 3 الورقة الاولي
G.S.C.E. 2013
English Language Humanities & Scientific Streams
Paper : One
Time : 2:30 Hours Total Marks ( 75 )
1) Answer the following:
1. What are the old methods of waste disposal , their places and problems ? …………………………………………………………………..
2. Why has landfill become expensive ? / What is pushing business away from landfill and pulling it towards recycling ?
…………………………………………………………………..
3. Name the economic benefits of recycling ? ……………………………………………………………………
4. Why do landfill sites have to be carefully constructed?
……………………………………………………………………
5. How can recycling have positive cost advantages in itself ?



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2) Decide whether each of the following statements is True or False:
1. Glyn Heaps was getting $9 a week . ( )
2. In 1986 , Glyn worked at glass company . ( )
3. The company was in Liverpool in Britain . ( )
4. Glyn bought an old bus . ( )
5. His wife and his mother sorted and packed the paper . ( )
6. Most plastic doesn't break . ( )
7. New Aluminum costs much less than recycled one . ( )
8. The world makes a third of its new steel from recycled metal . ( )
9. Recycling saves the consumer's money . ( )
10. Recycling creates employment . ( )
11. In America , more people work in metal mining than in recycling . ( )
12. Indian worker turns old car tyres into water pipes for the farming industry . ( )
13. The program designed by the IT expert shows new producers the environmental
effects of recycling . ( )
3) Complete the following:
1. Glyn bought ………….. to …………… to …………….. .
2. Glyn and ………… the paper waste and then they …………….. .
3. We all produce …………… to .
4. The original husband and – wife business has become …………… .
4) What do these pronouns refer to:
1. I’ll take it Line (3) …
2. they were recycling. Line (5) …
3. it is becoming an expensive choice. Line (21) …
4. its new steel . Line ( 29 ) …
5. There are thousands . Line ( 33 ) …
5) Say what these numbers refer to:
a- £9 …b-£40…c-one ton …d- 100 …e. 20 times …
6) Say what these words and expressions mean:
1. developed economies …2. toxic …3. environmentally unacceptable …
4. recycling …5. landfill …
7) Give words from the text that have almost the same meaning as :
1. type = ……………… 2. amounts = …………... 3. getting= .………….…
4. ways = ……………… 5. toxic = ……………… 6. requires = ……………
Cool Give words from the text that have opposite meaning to each of the following :
1. disadvantages x ……………… 2. fully x ……………… 3. heard x .…………
4. international x ……………… 5. consumer x …………… 6. problem x ……………
مركز الكرامة التعليمي تعليم ابتدائي اعدادي ثانوي جامعي اعداد/سميرحماد جوال 9691186 ت/2878105
Vocabulary : ( 35 marks )
1) Choose five suitable words from the box to complete the following sentences:
current - leaking - faulty - condition - chief - vital - council
1. The used car they bought was in good …………… .
2. In this ………….. situation , I can't help you .
3. Khaled met the ………….. engineer who was German .
4. Armed struggle plays a ………….. role in liberating Palestine .
5. The city ………….. has to approve this project , so that the company can start working .
2) Write each word in the box next to its definition below :
patriotic - distribution - tips - disposal - fair - landfill – break down
1. ……………... : pieces of useful advice.
2. ……………... : having or showing love for one's country
3. …………….. : the way something is divided and shared in a group or area.
4. …………….. : getting rid of something.
5. …………….. : treating people equally.
6. …………… : change chemically ( to its main components ).
7. …………… : a place where rubbish is buried or burnt.
3) Choose the correct form from the words in brackets to complete the sentences :
1. There was a very big ……… in the store that I didn't know which to buy. (collection \ collect)
2. Take your ………….and accept the results . ( choice \ choose )
3. ………….. is the mother of invention . ( necessity \ necessary )
4) Match the words in the box to words below to make word pairs:
bed -plastic - water–cassette - ground - remote
(control - pots– recorder – cover -pipes– water )
1. ………….. 2. ………….…. 3. ………….…. 4.……………..
5. …………… 6. …………….
5) Match the words in the box with their synonyms below :
broken - make better - mend - sort - just - advice
1. repair: ………….. 2. only: ………….. 3. improve ………… 4. type: …………..
5. faulty: ………….. 6. tip ………….…

6) Match the words in the box with their opposites below:
near- cheap - consumer - raised- prevent -similar

1. allow : ………….. 2. away from / far : …………… 3. expensive : …………….
4. producer : ………….. 5. lowered : ……………. 6. different : ……………
7) Circle the letter of the correct answer:
1. The word ………….. is American .
a. tries b. tires c. tyres
2. Litre of ………….. .
a. rubbish b. water c. plastic
3. 50% stands for ………… .
a. fifteen per cent b. fifty per cent c. five per cent
4. 9/10 stands for …………. .
a. ten – ninths b. nine – tenths c. nine – ten

مركز الكرامة التعليمي تعليم ابتدائي اعدادي ثانوي جامعي اعداد/سميرحماد جوال 9691186 ت/2878105


Cool Choose three suitable connectors from the box to complete thfollowing sentences:
Moreover - Therefore - because - either - due to
1. She pretended to be well …………… she didn't want to go to hospital .
2. …………… Hani or Sami took my keys .
3. The company didn't get the license . …………… , it cancelled the project .
9) Complete the following sentences with the correct from of the same word family:
1. Gaza City Council will …………….materials for recycling separately. ( collection )
2. It is expensive to ……………. waste nowadays.( disposal )
3. My brother has a…………… to study in the States . ( choose )
10) Match the following symbols to their correct meanings ( there are more symbols than needed):
2/3 - 33.3% - IT - AE - £ - 1/3
1. …… =Information Technology 2. …… = a third 3. …… = Sterling Pound
4. …… = thirty –three point three per cent 5. …… = American English

مركز الكرامة التعليمي تعليم ابتدائي اعدادي ثانوي جامعي اعداد/سميرحماد جوال 9691186 ت/287810الوحدة الثالثة الورقة الثانية Unit 3 second paper
الورقة الثانية Unit (3)
Section A: (25 points)
Question Number One: (5 points)
Circle the letter of the correct answer:
1. You --------------------- spend your money so quickly.
a. should b. shouldn’t c. had to d. must
2.To stop the leaking of connections, you ---------------------turn all the taps off properly.
a. don’t have to b. must c. mustn’t d. shouldn’t
3. I --------------------- travel to Jerusalem next Friday. I am not sure.
a. must b. have to c. may d. can
4. We ----------------------- take a taxi. We have a long time for the lecture.
a. don’t have to b. didn’t have to c. need to d. must
5. I ------------------------- be there at 6:00. I promise.
a. must b. should c. will d. may
Question Number Two: ( 5 points )
Rewrite the following sentences using the words in brackets without changing the meaning:
1. It's necessary for us to revise before the exam. ( need )
مركز الكرامة التعليمي تعليم ابتدائي اعدادي ثانوي جامعي اعداد/سميرحماد جوال 9691186 ت/2878105
-----------------
2. Don't miss this TV. program next week. It is extremely interesting. ( must )
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3. We have much time. There is no necessity to hurry. (have to )
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. Is it important for me to answer the letter? ( ought )
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. It is possible for me to buy a new car. I am not sure. (might )
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Question Number Three: ( 5 points )
Rewrite each sentence using could or would to be more indirect and polite:
1. I want you to come earlier next time.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. Bring me that pen, please
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. Do you want to see the film?
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. I'd like you to call me tomorrow.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5.Do you want her to call you?
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Question Number Four: ( 5 points )
Use a suitable modal verb from the box below to complete each of the following sentences: Note: ( There are more words than needed)
may – can – mustn't – shouldn't – had to - have to

مركز الكرامة التعليمي تعليم ابتدائي اعدادي ثانوي جامعي اعداد/سميرحماد جوال 9691186 ت/2878105

1. It is a very important meeting, so you ------------------------ be late .
2. It is partly cloudy. It ---------------------- rain.
3. You ------------------------eat so much sugar because it's not healthy.
4. No body ----------------------------- stay alive without water and oxygen.
5. I couldn’t go to the party yesterday because I ----------------------------- finish my work.
Question Number Five: ( 5 points )
Choose the correct answer:
1. We ---------------------- climb any higher, we can see everything from here.
( needn’t to - need to - needn’t )
2. Ruba was glad because she ------------------------------ solve the math problem.
( is able to - was able to - able to )
3. Soldiers ----------------------------- obey orders.
( must - might - can )
4. He ran quickly, but he ------------------------ catch the bus.
( mustn’t - couldn’t - was able to )
5. ------------------------ I to answer the letter?
( May - Could - Ought )
Section B : ( 10 points )
From this section answer two questions only أجب عن سؤالين من هذا القسم:
Question Number One: ( 5 points )
Rewrite each sentence so it has the same meaning and contains the word in brackets:
1. Is it possible for us to join you on that journey? ( may )
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. It isn’t allowed for Samia to punish her class students. ( must )
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.It is an important meeting. It is necessary to be early. ( must )
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4.It isn’t necessary to go if you don’t want to. ( have to )
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مركز الكرامة التعليمي تعليم ابتدائي اعدادي ثانوي جامعي اعداد/سميرحماد جوال 9691186 ت/2878105

5.It is a good idea to see a doctor. ( should )
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Question Number Two: ( 5 points )
Complete each sentence of the following sentences with the appropriate modal verb:
Note: ( You can use the same modal verb more than one time )
has to – would – mustn’t – didn’t have to – don’t have to )
1.The head teacher ----------------------------- come late to school.
2.It is a holiday tomorrow, so I ------------------------- get up early.
3-You ---------------------------- smoke in this place. It's forbidden.
4.Poor Edward, he ---------------------------- go to hospital for an operation.
5.If I were you, I --------------------------- travel abroad.
Question Number Three: ( 5 points )
Rewrite the following sentences using the words in brackets to give the same meaning:
1.It is a good idea to see a doctor. ( ought to )
*----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.It's not necessary for us to eat unhealthy food. ( need)
*---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.Please, I want you to lend me your book. ( could )
*----------------------------------------------
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