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 القطعه التاسعه هي المتوقعه لسنه 2014

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تاريخ التسجيل : 28/03/2012
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مُساهمةموضوع: القطعه التاسعه هي المتوقعه لسنه 2014   السبت مايو 10, 2014 12:37 am

الوحدة 9
[justify]
[right]A: comprehension
Read the following passage then answer the questions below:
After the 1948 disaster, a million of Palestinians lost everything and were forced, into a Diaspora that spread round the planet. For many years, the Palestinian catastrophe (Nakba) and cause then received little attention or understanding from the world.
That changed dramatically in 1974 when the national leader President Yasser Arafat, stepped onto the world‟s political stage and spoke to the United Nations, his famous words rang out: today I have come bearing an olive branch and a freedom fighter‟s gun. Don‟t let the olive branch fall from my hand.
This speech showed the world two things: first that the Palestinian cause could not be forgotten and secondly, that there really could be a peaceful way forward. Arafat‟s words also affected the Palestinians deeply. Many realized that it was necessary to build bridges between Palestine and the West. This was the way to create international understanding and, one day, a free and independent Palestine.
Palestinian have been building these bridges in many areas of life, very importantly, strong links have been created in American universities.
One great force there was Edward Saeed (1935 – 203), who fought with all the strength of his great mind for freedom, equality and justice in general, and for future of Palestine in particular, originally from Jerusalem, he became professor at Columbia University, New York, and , during his life, also lectured at over 200 other universities. In addition, he wrote 17 books that have been translated into 26 languages. In some, such as “ Culture and Imperialism”(1992), he argued strongly against negative western views of Oriental cultures. In others, like „ the Question of Palestine‟ (1980), he argued powerfully for the Palestinian cause. On his death, the poet Mahmoud Darwish wrote: „I cannot say goodbye to Edward Saeed, so present is among us, and within us and so alive around the world‟.
Another Palestinian intellectual was Hisham Sharabi, (1927-2005), originally from Jaffa, and later an important professor at Georgetown University near Washington. Like Saeed and other Palestinians, he worked all his life to improve western understanding of Arab an Palestinian issues. He was editor of the Journal of Palestine studies, and he wrote many books including his famous „Introduction to the Study of Arab Society‟ (1975). He also became well known for his television appearances and his many opinion pieces in American newspapers.
In addition, he founded several important institutions. In 975, he and others set up the Center for Contemporary Arab Studies at Georgetown. This is the only American university institution that focuses just on the modern Arab World, then, in 1979, he created the Arab American Cultural Foundation, which builds American understanding of the Arab and Islamic culture. He also set up the Jerusalem Fund a foundation that provides scholarships for students from Palestine.
Sharabi wrote about his bitterness and anger when, in 1993, he returned to Jaffa, his home town, to make a documentary.‟ As I stood there I could hear, people speaking Russian, probably recent immigrants from the old Soviet Union. They were full citizens in my country,

74
and I was there only on a limited Israeli tourist visa‟, However, he went on to say that the only way forward a political compromise founded in justice and international law and UN Security Council Resolutions. For him this compromise had to include right of return.
Sadly neither Arafat, nor Saeed nor Sharabi live to see the end of the Diaspora. However many other Palestinian are following their aims in many fields and countries.
Questions:
1- What happened in the 1970s to make the world start thinking much more seriously about the Palestinian situation?
Arafat‟s speech to United Nations
2- What two possibilities for the future did the Palestinian national leader offer?
Peace or War
3- What the important ideas did Edward Saeed fight in his writing?
Freedom, equality and justice in general and the future of Palestine in particular.
4- What did the leader‟s speech make a lot of Palestinians to do?
Building an important understanding between Palestine the the world
5- Where particularly were important connections made between Palestinians and the world?
In American universities.
6- What the other way did Sharabi work to create better understanding of Arab and Palestinian issues?
He edited a journal, wrote for newspaper, and spoke on television and also founded several institutions.
7- has the work of building bridges to the world stopped after the death of those leaders?
No, on the opposite , many Palestinians are still following their aims in many fields. 8-Say what these dates refer to: a. (1948) the Palestinian disaster b. (1974) the year when Arafat spoke to the UN General Assembly c. (1980) the publication date of Edward Saeed‟s book „ the Question of Palestine‟ d. (1975) the publication of Sharai‟s famoud book „Introduction to the Study of Arab Society‟ e. (1993) when Sharabi returned to Jaffa 9-say what these words and expressions mean:
a. Don‟t let the olive branch fall from my hand. Line (6) Help my search for peace or don‟t force me to fight instead. b. a peaceful way forward line ( 9 ) way to make progress. c. This was the way line ( 11 ) the building bridges between Palestine and the west
d. this speech line ( 8 ) the words that Arafat said in the UN

10- Decide whether each of the following True or False
a. the Palestinian cause received little attention before Arafat‟s speech(T)
b. Edward Saeed worked much to build understanding between Palestine and the rest of the world. (T)
c. no one followed the aims of Saeed and Sharabi sfter their death (F)
d. President Arafat gave in his famous speech only the chance of war (F)
11- Give words from the passage that mean the opposite:
Big x little / past x future / troubled x peaceful / positive x negative / new x old / particular x general / destroying x building
12- Give words from the passage that mean:
To push = forced / dispersion = Diaspora / liberty = freedom / fairness = justice / issue = cause / set up = created / world = planet / known = famous
13- Circle the correct answer
a. Edawars Saeed argued for
a) freedom b) equality c) more attention d) all the answers are correct
b. Arafat from his famous words in 1974 wanted to say that Palestinians want
a)peace b) war c) peace and war d) peace or war
14- What do these pronouns refer to:
a. he line ( 18 ) Edward Saeed
b. They line (39 ) Russian people
c. him line ( 42 ) Hisham Sharai
………………………………………………………………….
B: Language and vocabulary
1- PUT IN THE SUITABLE WORD FROM THE BOX:
requirement–multinational –application –surrounded - discovery – valid – catastrophe –dictionary - located – right of return
1- San Francisco is ……………….. on the northern California coast
2- Our school is by a high wall.
3- The ………………of oil made the life very easy
4- Before you travel to USA, be sure that your pass
8- ……………….. companies like Ford manufacture at home and sell abroad.
9- If you don‟t know a word, look it up in the ……………….
10- I sent my ………………….to the director yesterday.
2- Opposites
Southern x northern / lowered x raised / bottom x top / academic x vocational / safety x danger / rural x urban / immigrant x non-immigrant / entry x exit
3- Synonyms
World = planet / disaster = catastrophe / understood = realized / essential = necessary / power = force / setup = founded / aims = goals
4- Word pairs
Sports ground Guide book Play book Text book
5- Word families
1- Many people around the world hope to live ……………..( peaceful)
2- Eward Saed fought for freedom, equality and ……………… in general (just)
3- The tow sides are looking for a ………………….. compromise to the conflict (politics)
4- Sharabi set up a ……………………. That can provide scholarships for the students from Palestine. (found)
5- Sharabi wrote about his ………… an anger when he returned to Jaffa. (bitter)
6- The late president Arafat struggled for a free and …………….Palestine (independence)
7- The scientists have discovered an ancient city. This was a very important ………..(discover)
8- What qualifications do the …………..for the
7- Definitions
Cultural – equality – freedom – nation – peaceful - education
1- -----------------------: (n) the right or opportunity to do what you want, not limited or controlled by rules.
2- -----------------------: (n) the activity of teaching and learning at school and college.
3- -----------------------: (adj.) quiet without fighting or any violent events.
4- -----------------------: (adj.) relating to ideas beliefs and away of behaving in a society or group of people.
5- ----------------------: (n) the state of having the same rights and opportunities as everyone else.
6- -----------------------: (n) a country , or the people of a country
Justice – famous - law – politics – independent – motivated – enthusiastic - confidence
1- ---------------------- : someone who is known to a lot of people.
2- ---------------------- : treatment of people that is fair and right
3- ---------------------- : give all your attention of efforts to something
4- ---------------------- : the system of rules in society that everyone must accept and follow.
5- ---------------------- : being free from control by another country or organization.
6- ---------------------- : firm trust.
7- ---------------------- : being enthusiastic about doing something
8- ---------------------- : the ideas and activities in getting and holding power in government
Memoir – novel – guide book - text book – dictionary – encyclopedia – report – play book -
1- …………………….. long story
2- …………………….. meanings of words
3- ……………………...book for school students
4- …………………… information about the whole world.
5- …………………….. study of a particular issue
6- …………………… Book for tourists
7- …………………….. drama
8-
that
subject or object pronoun for people, animals and things in defining relative clauses (who or which are also

2- Nadia who has been listening to our conversation looked angry.
3- The new stadium will be opened next month. It holds 90.000 people.
3- The new stadium, which holds 90.000 people, will be opened next month.
Use who or which to join the following pairs of sentences: exam
1- Cairo is a city. It is located on the Nile.
……………………………………………………………………….
2- I do not know the answer. You asked me about it.
……………………………………………………………………….
3- The thief was arrested. He stole the money.
……………………………………………………………………….
4- he is the man. He cam to our house.
……………………………………………………………………….
5- The lady is Mrs. Smith. I received the gift from her.

……………………………………………………………………….
6- Banks usually have special offers for students. They want to attract young people.
……………………………………………………………………….
3- Make a new sentence by joining the two short sentences, using an appropriate relative clause
1. She worked for a man. The man used to be an athlete.
_______________________________________________________________
2. They called a lawyer. The lawyer lived nearby.
_______________________________________________________________
3. I sent an email to my brother. My brother lives in Australia.
_______________________________________________________________
4. The customer liked the waitress. The waitress was very friendly.
_______________________________________________________________
5. We broke the computer. The computer belonged to my father.
_______________________________________________________________
6. I dropped a glass. The glass was new.
_______________________________________________________________
7. She loves books. The books have happy endings.
_______________________________________________________________
8. They live in a city. The city is in the north of England.
_______________________________________________________________
9. The man is in the garden. The man is wearing a blue jumper.
_______________________________________________________________
10. The girl works in a bank. The girl is from India.
_______________________________________________________________
11. My sister has three children. My sister lives in Australia.
_______________________________________________________________
12. The waiter was rude. The waiter was wearing a blue shirt.
_______________________________________________________________
13. The money is in the kitchen. The money belongs to John.
_______________________________________________________________
14. The table got broken. The table was my grandmother‟s.
_______________________________________________________________
15. The television was stolen. The television was bought 20 years ago.
_______________________________________________________________
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