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 توقعات 2014 غزه بنسبه عاليه جدا استاذ سمير حماد

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المساهمات : 180
تاريخ التسجيل : 28/03/2012
الموقع : الملتقي الفتحاوي

مُساهمةموضوع: توقعات 2014 غزه بنسبه عاليه جدا استاذ سمير حماد    السبت مايو 10, 2014 1:08 am

أقسام موضوع التعبير
- الجملة الرئيسية وتعبر عن الفكرة الرئيسية للموضوع Topic sentence
Detail sentences - الفقرات التفصيلية للموضوع
Conclusion – الخاتمة
خطوات كتابة موضوع تعبير
1- تحديد العنوان جيدا ويكون قابل للتطوير
2- تحديد كلمات هامة تستخدم أثناء الكتابة
3- تطوير الكلمات ووضعها في جمل منفصلة
4- ربط الجمل يبعضها ووضعها في فقرات
5 التأكد من كتابة الجمل نحويا صح
6 – نستخدم بعض الرابط لربط الجمل أو للبدا بالفقرات
1- Globalization

الفقرة الأولى ( الفكرة الرئيسية (small city – better life – destroy life – age of globalization
الفقرة الثانية (forms: transport – telecommunication – benefits: food – clothes - energy )
الفقرة الثالثة ((cheap manufacturing – industries – Far East - free trade – taxes – costs
الفقرة الرابعة ( الخاتمة (advantages and disadvantages

تطوير الكلمات لجمل
الفقرة الأولى :
We live in the age globalization
Globalization make the world a small city
Globalization give better life to many people
Globalization destroys the life of some people
ربط الجمل يبعضها والتأكد من كتباتها بشكل صحيح مع استخدام روابط
No doubt that we live in the age of globalization, which makes the world as a small city. In fact globalization gives many people better life, but it also destroys the life of others.

الفقرة الثانية :
globalization has many forms, including transport, telecommunication and manufacturing. globalization brings us many benefits like food , clothes, energy and machines we use.
ربط الجمل يبعضا البعض باستخدام روابط وكتابتها بشكل صحيح

As a matter of fact, globalization has many forms, including transport, telecommunication and manufacturing. However, it brings us many benefits like food , clothes, energy and machines we use.
الفقرة الثالثة:
cheap globalized manufacturing in the Far East destroys industries
some countries tries to protect their industries through higher import taxes
free trade always wins because if offers the widest choice at the lowest price .
ربط الجمل يبعضا البعض باستخدام روابط وكتابتها بشكل صحيح
However, cheap globalized manufacturing in the Far East destroys industries in other parts of the world especially those with higher costs. Therefore, some countries tries to protect their industries through higher import taxes. Unfortunately, free trade always wins because if offers the widest choice at the lowest price .

الفقرة الرابعة :
globalization has many advantages and many disadvantages

Finally, it is clear that globalization has many advantages, but it has also many disadvantages


Globalization
No doubt that we live in the age of globalization, which makes the world a small city. In fact globalization gives many people better life but it also destroys the life of others.

As a matter of fact, globalization has many forms, including transport, telecommunication and manufacturing. However, it brings us many benefits like food , clothes, energy and machines we use.

However, cheap globalized manufacturing in the Far East destroys industries in other parts of the world especially those with higher costs. Therefore, some countries tries to protect their industries through higher import taxes. Unfortunately, free trade always wins because if offers the widest choice at the lowest price .

Finally, it is clear that globalization has many advantages, but it has also many disadvantages


























2- Oil
How is it formed ?
How is global consumption of oil increasing ?
What can we get from oil ?
Write about the dangers and alternatives of oil if they can replace it
الفقرة الأولى : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الأولي
( important – industries - heat – pressure - animals – plants )
عمل جمل وربطها
Oil is the most important product for many countries.
Oil is used for many industries
Oil was formed millions of years ago by heat and pressure on plant and animals remains
ربط الجمل بشكل صحيح
We can’t deny that, Oil is the most important product for many countries, because it is used for many industries. However, Oil was formed by heat and pressure on plants and animals’ remains millions of years ago.
الفقرة الثانية: : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الثانية
( supply – demand –global - consumption – world – everywhere - developed countries – manufacturing )
عمل جمل وربطها
Global consumption of oil is increasing all over the world quickly.
Supply can hardly keep with demand
Oil consumption is increasing everywhere.
Oil consumption is increasing in the developed countries.
Oil consumption is increasing because of manufacturing
ربط الجمل بشكل صحيح
In fact, global consumption of oil is increasing all over the world quickly. As result of this, Supply can hardly keep with demand. Oil consumption is increasing everywhere, especially in the developed countries, because of manufacturing.

الفقرة الثالثة: كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الثالثة
(clean products - plastic – petrochemicals – medicine)
عمل جمل وربطها
We get from oil the petrochemicals
the petrochemicals give us a lot of products
we get plastic toys, clean products and medicine.
ربط الجمل بشكل صحيح
How ever, from oil we can get the petrochemicals, which give us a lot of products like plastic toys, clean products and medicine.
الفقرة الرابعة : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الرابعة
( overuse - energy cap – energy sources - Chaos – renewable energy - wind power – replace – development – amounts )
عمل جمل وربطها
Overuse of oil may lead us to the energy cap
The energy cap causes social and economical chaos
Scientists everywhere are developing energy sources to replace oil
Alternatives of oil can include renewable energy like wind power, sun, or Hydrogen
alternatives can’t provide huge amounts
Alternatives of oil need more development
ربط الجمل بشكل صحيح

We should know that, the overuse of oil may lead us to the energy cap, which will cause a social and economical chaos. So Scientists everywhere are developing energy sources to replace oil. The alternatives of oil can include renewable energy like wind power, sun, or hydrogen. However, these alternatives can’t provide huge amounts as oil, and they still need more development.

Finally, we can say that, oil is a treasure that we must do our best to reduce our use of it to make it lasts longer.

Oil
We can’t deny that, Oil is the most important product for many countries, because it is used for many industries. However, oil was formed by heat and pressure on plants and animals’ remains millions of years ago.

In fact, global consumption of oil is increasing all over the world quickly. As result of this, Supply can hardly keep with demand. Oil consumption is increasing everywhere, especially in the developed countries, because of manufacturing.
However, from oil we can get the petrochemicals, which give us a lot of products like plastic toys, clean products and medicine.

The overuse of oil may lead us to the energy cap, which will cause a social and economical chaos. So scientists everywhere are developing energy sources to replace oil. The alternatives of oil can include renewable energy like wind power, sun, or hydrogen. However, these alternatives can’t provide huge amounts as oil and they still need more development.

Finally, we can say that oil is a treasure that we must do our best to reduce our use of it to make it lasts longer.















3- University life

Describe the first days in the university
Meeting people and making friends
How to be organized and use time carefully?
The importance of the university library
الفقرة الأولى : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الأولي
(a whole new world - first year students- Nervous – hide - feelings - - quite scary)
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
university life is very important to all fist year students.
University life is a whole new world
University life can be quite scary
First year students feel nervous and shy
Some students are better at hiding their feelings
تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض
The university life is very important to all fist year students, as it is a whole new world and it can be quite scary. At the beginning, first year students will feel nervous and shy, but some other students are better at hiding their feelings.

الفقرة الثانية : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الثانية
(first semester - make friends - support group- interests- homesick - Meet people - your family
students union - old friends)
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
The first semester is a great time to make friends
people you meet now may become friends for life
when you meet people in clubs and student union you’ll go through lot together, good and bad
people you meet will be part of your support group, and you’ll be part of theirs
don’t forget your old friends of family.
تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض
The first semester is a great time to make friends, and those people you meet now may become friends for life. However, you meet people in clubs and student union you’ll go through lot together, good and bad. They will be part of your support group, and you’ll be part of theirs. But I advise you not to forget your old friends and family.
الفقرة الثالثة : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الثالثة
(life - organized – lectures- scheduled – lazy - work - properly - free time – main points – “to do lists” - to priority - balance - all the time)
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
You will find your life less organized
There will be lectures and many work not scheduled
Write down the main points
Don’t be lazy and work properly
You must use your free time
You don’t need to work all the time
Make balance between work and rest
You have to make daily and weekly d “to do lists”
Sep up your top priorities
تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض

You will find your life less organized, because there will be lectures and many work not scheduled. Write down the main points, don’t be lazy and work properly. Moreover, you must use your free time properly. You don’t need to work all the time but make a balance between work and rest. It is important to make daily and weekly “to do lists” and sep up your top priorities.

الفقرة الرابعة : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الرابعة
( journals – books - internet - references - further reading – computer - information )
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
The university library is very important
You can find books, journals and other references for further reading
You can check computer and photocopy facilities or go to the internet for more information

تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض

You have to know that, the university library is very important. You can find there books, journals as well as other references for further reading. Moreover, you can check computer and photocopy facilities or go to the internet for more information that you need.

Finally, I will say that university life is a whole new world that you must face and deal with it properly


university life

The university life is very important to all first year students, as it is a whole new world, and it can be quite scary. At the beginning, first year students will feel nervous and shy, but some other students are better at hiding their feelings.

The first semester is a great time to make friends, and those people you meet now may become friends for life. However, you meet people in clubs and students’ union, you’ll go through alot together, good and bad. They will be part of your support group, and you’ll be part of theirs. But I advise you not to forget your old friends and family.


You will find your life less organized, because there will be lectures and many work not scheduled. Write down the main points, don’t be lazy and work properly. Moreover, you must use your free time properly. You don’t need to work all the time but make a balance between work and rest. It is important to make daily and weekly “to do lists” and sep up your top priorities.

You have to know that, the university library is very important. You can find there books, journals as well as other references for further reading. Moreover, you can check computer and photocopy facilities or go to the internet for more information that you need.
Finally, I will say that university life is a whole new world that you must face and deal with it properly.



4- Over Population
The population in the past and future
The main reasons for population slow-down
The problems of a much lager population than we already have
Decreasing population growth is a chance for a better future for all

الفقرة الأولى : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الأولي
(The world - problem – over population - countries - numbers - century - diseases – increase – slow – growth - prediction - future - face )
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة

Over population is a serious problem that many countries face.
The world was facing an over population
The numbers rose slowly and even sometimes declined due to diseases
It is also predicted that growth of population will start to slow soon after 2020
recent predictions show a population decline
تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض
We can’t deny that, Over population is a serious problem that many countries face. In the past, the numbers rose slowly and even sometimes declined due to diseases, but now the world is facing an over population, because numbers are still increasing rapidly. However, it is also predicted that growth of population will start to slow in the future.
الفقرة الثانية : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الثانية

(Economy – education – family –skill - good pay - children - parents - careers - birth control - modern mothers )
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
The main reasons for population slow-down are education and economy and better health care
Families had many children because some of them were expected to die
Some children were needed to keep the family alive
Economy and education offer a fast way to a good pay and a good life style
with education and some skills, modern mothers have small families to be able to return to their careers
Modern methods of birth control allow parents to decide the size of their families
تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض
The main reasons for population slow-down are education, economy and better health care. Families in the past, had many children because some of them were expected to die. However, Some children were needed to keep the family alive. Moreover, economy and education offer a fast way to a good pay and a good life style. With education and some skills, modern mothers have small families to be able to retune to their careers. Modern methods of birth control also allow parents to decide the size of their families.

الفقرة الثالثة : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الثالثة
(shock – demands - pressures - environment - global warming - natural sources - climate changes)
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
There will be a shock of a much lager population than we already have
There will be major demands on the natural resources
The natural resources are water, power and lands
There will be major pressures on the environment , global warming and may be climate changes

تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض
The slow-down in world population growth is good, but there will be a shock of a much lager population than we already have. On one hand, there will be major demands on the natural resources include water, power and lands. On the other hand, there will be major pressures on the environment , global warming and may be climate changes

الفقرة الرابعة : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الرابعة
(intelligence - abilities - compete - damage – conflict- chance - work- cooperation – environment )
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
We have to use our intelligence and abilities to work together
We have not to compete with each other
We shouldn’t damage the environment
We have to choose cooperation over conflict
تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض
Finally, to live peacefully without problems, We have to use our intelligence and abilities to work together and not to compete with each other to damage the environment. We have to choose cooperation over conflict for a better future for all.


Over population
We can’t deny that, Over population is a serious problem that many countries face. In the past, the numbers rose slowly and even sometimes declined due to diseases, but now the world is facing an over population, because numbers are still increasing rapidly. However, it is also predicted that growth of population will start to slow in the future.

The main reasons for population slow-down are education and economy. Families in the past, had many children because some of them were expected to die. However, Some children were needed to keep the family alive. Moreover, economy and education offer a fast way to a good pay and a good life style. With education and some skills, modern mothers have small families to be able to return to their careers. Modern methods of birth control also allow parents to decide the size of their families.

The slow-down in world population growth is good, but there will be a shock of a much lager population than we already have. On one hand, there will be major demands on the natural resources include water, power and lands. On the other hand, there will be major pressures on the environment, global warming and may be climate changes.

Finally, to live peacefully without problems, We have to use our intelligence and abilities to work together and not to compete with each other to damage the environment. We have to choose cooperation over conflict for a better future for all.


[justify]
[right]A: comprehension
Read the following passage then answer the questions below:
After the 1948 disaster, a million of Palestinians lost everything and were forced, into a Diaspora that spread round the planet. For many years, the Palestinian catastrophe (Nakba) and cause then received little attention or understanding from the world.
That changed dramatically in 1974 when the national leader President Yasser Arafat, stepped onto the world‟s political stage and spoke to the United Nations, his famous words rang out: today I have come bearing an olive branch and a freedom fighter‟s gun. Don‟t let the olive branch fall from my hand.
This speech showed the world two things: first that the Palestinian cause could not be forgotten and secondly, that there really could be a peaceful way forward. Arafat‟s words also affected the Palestinians deeply. Many realized that it was necessary to build bridges between Palestine and the West. This was the way to create international understanding and, one day, a free and independent Palestine.
Palestinian have been building these bridges in many areas of life, very importantly, strong links have been created in American universities.
One great force there was Edward Saeed (1935 – 203), who fought with all the strength of his great mind for freedom, equality and justice in general, and for future of Palestine in particular, originally from Jerusalem, he became professor at Columbia University, New York, and , during his life, also lectured at over 200 other universities. In addition, he wrote 17 books that have been translated into 26 languages. In some, such as “ Culture and Imperialism”(1992), he argued strongly against negative western views of Oriental cultures. In others, like „ the Question of Palestine‟ (1980), he argued powerfully for the Palestinian cause. On his death, the poet Mahmoud Darwish wrote: „I cannot say goodbye to Edward Saeed, so present is among us, and within us and so alive around the world‟.
Another Palestinian intellectual was Hisham Sharabi, (1927-2005), originally from Jaffa, and later an important professor at Georgetown University near Washington. Like Saeed and other Palestinians, he worked all his life to improve western understanding of Arab an Palestinian issues. He was editor of the Journal of Palestine studies, and he wrote many books including his famous „Introduction to the Study of Arab Society‟ (1975). He also became well known for his television appearances and his many opinion pieces in American newspapers.
In addition, he founded several important institutions. In 975, he and others set up the Center for Contemporary Arab Studies at Georgetown. This is the only American university institution that focuses just on the modern Arab World, then, in 1979, he created the Arab American Cultural Foundation, which builds American understanding of the Arab and Islamic culture. He also set up the Jerusalem Fund a foundation that provides scholarships for students from Palestine.
Sharabi wrote about his bitterness and anger when, in 1993, he returned to Jaffa, his home town, to make a documentary.‟ As I stood there I could hear, people speaking Russian, probably recent immigrants from the old Soviet Union. They were full citizens in my country,

74
and I was there only on a limited Israeli tourist visa‟, However, he went on to say that the only way forward a political compromise founded in justice and international law and UN Security Council Resolutions. For him this compromise had to include right of return.
Sadly neither Arafat, nor Saeed nor Sharabi live to see the end of the Diaspora. However many other Palestinian are following their aims in many fields and countries.
Questions:
1- What happened in the 1970s to make the world start thinking much more seriously about the Palestinian situation?
Arafat‟s speech to United Nations
2- What two possibilities for the future did the Palestinian national leader offer?
Peace or War
3- What the important ideas did Edward Saeed fight in his writing?
Freedom, equality and justice in general and the future of Palestine in particular.
4- What did the leader‟s speech make a lot of Palestinians to do?
Building an important understanding between Palestine the the world
5- Where particularly were important connections made between Palestinians and the world?
In American universities.
6- What the other way did Sharabi work to create better understanding of Arab and Palestinian issues?
He edited a journal, wrote for newspaper, and spoke on television and also founded several institutions.
7- has the work of building bridges to the world stopped after the death of those leaders?
No, on the opposite , many Palestinians are still following their aims in many fields. 8-Say what these dates refer to: a. (1948) the Palestinian disaster b. (1974) the year when Arafat spoke to the UN General Assembly c. (1980) the publication date of Edward Saeed‟s book „ the Question of Palestine‟ d. (1975) the publication of Sharai‟s famoud book „Introduction to the Study of Arab Society‟ e. (1993) when Sharabi returned to Jaffa 9-say what these words and expressions mean:
a. Don‟t let the olive branch fall from my hand. Line (6) Help my search for peace or don‟t force me to fight instead. b. a peaceful way forward line ( 9 ) way to make progress. c. This was the way line ( 11 ) the building bridges between Palestine and the west
d. this speech line ( 8 ) the words that Arafat said in the UN

10- Decide whether each of the following True or False
a. the Palestinian cause received little attention before Arafat‟s speech(T)
b. Edward Saeed worked much to build understanding between Palestine and the rest of the world. (T)
c. no one followed the aims of Saeed and Sharabi sfter their death (F)
d. President Arafat gave in his famous speech only the chance of war (F)
11- Give words from the passage that mean the opposite:
Big x little / past x future / troubled x peaceful / positive x negative / new x old / particular x general / destroying x building
12- Give words from the passage that mean:
To push = forced / dispersion = Diaspora / liberty = freedom / fairness = justice / issue = cause / set up = created / world = planet / known = famous
13- Circle the correct answer
a. Edawars Saeed argued for
a) freedom b) equality c) more attention d) all the answers are correct
b. Arafat from his famous words in 1974 wanted to say that Palestinians want
a)peace b) war c) peace and war d) peace or war
14- What do these pronouns refer to:
a. he line ( 18 ) Edward Saeed
b. They line (39 ) Russian people
c. him line ( 42 ) Hisham Sharai
………………………………………………………………….
B: Language and vocabulary
1- PUT IN THE SUITABLE WORD FROM THE BOX:
requirement–multinational –application –surrounded - discovery – valid – catastrophe –dictionary - located – right of return
1- San Francisco is ……………….. on the northern California coast
2- Our school is by a high wall.
3- The ………………of oil made the life very easy
4- Before you travel to USA, be sure that your pass
8- ……………….. companies like Ford manufacture at home and sell abroad.
9- If you don‟t know a word, look it up in the ……………….
10- I sent my ………………….to the director yesterday.
2- Opposites
Southern x northern / lowered x raised / bottom x top / academic x vocational / safety x danger / rural x urban / immigrant x non-immigrant / entry x exit
3- Synonyms
World = planet / disaster = catastrophe / understood = realized / essential = necessary / power = force / setup = founded / aims = goals
4- Word pairs
Sports ground Guide book Play book Text book
5- Word families
1- Many people around the world hope to live ……………..( peaceful)
2- Eward Saed fought for freedom, equality and ……………… in general (just)
3- The tow sides are looking for a ………………….. compromise to the conflict (politics)
4- Sharabi set up a ……………………. That can provide scholarships for the students from Palestine. (found)
5- Sharabi wrote about his ………… an anger when he returned to Jaffa. (bitter)
6- The late president Arafat struggled for a free and …………….Palestine (independence)
7- The scientists have discovered an ancient city. This was a very important ………..(discover)
8- What qualifications do the …………..for the
7- Definitions
Cultural – equality – freedom – nation – peaceful - education
1- -----------------------: (n) the right or opportunity to do what you want, not limited or controlled by rules.
2- -----------------------: (n) the activity of teaching and learning at school and college.
3- -----------------------: (adj.) quiet without fighting or any violent events.
4- -----------------------: (adj.) relating to ideas beliefs and away of behaving in a society or group of people.
5- ----------------------: (n) the state of having the same rights and opportunities as everyone else.
6- -----------------------: (n) a country , or the people of a country
Justice – famous - law – politics – independent – motivated – enthusiastic - confidence
1- ---------------------- : someone who is known to a lot of people.
2- ---------------------- : treatment of people that is fair and right
3- ---------------------- : give all your attention of efforts to something
4- ---------------------- : the system of rules in society that everyone must accept and follow.
5- ---------------------- : being free from control by another country or organization.
6- ---------------------- : firm trust.
7- ---------------------- : being enthusiastic about doing something
8- ---------------------- : the ideas and activities in getting and holding power in government
Memoir – novel – guide book - text book – dictionary – encyclopedia – report – play book -
1- …………………….. long story
2- …………………….. meanings of words
3- ……………………...book for school students
4- …………………… information about the whole world.
5- …………………….. study of a particular issue
6- …………………… Book for tourists
7- …………………….. drama
8-
that
subject or object pronoun for people, animals and things in defining relative clauses (who or which are also

2- Nadia who has been listening to our conversation looked angry.
3- The new stadium will be opened next month. It holds 90.000 people.
3- The new stadium, which holds 90.000 people, will be opened next month.
Use who or which to join the following pairs of sentences: exam
1- Cairo is a city. It is located on the Nile.
……………………………………………………………………….
2- I do not know the answer. You asked me about it.
……………………………………………………………………….
3- The thief was arrested. He stole the money.
……………………………………………………………………….
4- he is the man. He cam to our house.
……………………………………………………………………….
5- The lady is Mrs. Smith. I received the gift from her.

……………………………………………………………………….
6- Banks usually have special offers for students. They want to attract young people.
……………………………………………………………………….
3- Make a new sentence by joining the two short sentences, using an appropriate relative clause
1. She worked for a man. The man used to be an athlete.
_______________________________________________________________
2. They called a lawyer. The lawyer lived nearby.
_______________________________________________________________
3. I sent an email to my brother. My brother lives in Australia.
_______________________________________________________________
4. The customer liked the waitress. The waitress was very friendly.
_______________________________________________________________
5. We broke the computer. The computer belonged to my father.
_______________________________________________________________
6. I dropped a glass. The glass was new.
_______________________________________________________________
7. She loves books. The books have happy endings.
_______________________________________________________________
8. They live in a city. The city is in the north of England.
_______________________________________________________________
9. The man is in the garden. The man is wearing a blue jumper.
_______________________________________________________________
10. The girl works in a bank. The girl is from India.
_______________________________________________________________
11. My sister has three children. My sister lives in Australia.
_______________________________________________________________
12. The waiter was rude. The waiter was wearing a blue shirt.
_______________________________________________________________
13. The money is in the kitchen. The money belongs to John.
_______________________________________________________________
14. The table got broken. The table was my grandmother‟s.
_______________________________________________________________
15. The television was stolen. The television was bought 20 years ago.
__________________________________________________________ Work sheet ( Unit Nine)
Write the meaning of the following words form the box below : Established Connections Known issue fairness To push Goals World
forced planet aims set up
cause justice links famous
Write the opposite of the following words form the box below :
Eastern particular troubled past new bottom academic rural safety lowered
future old top western
Danger general peaceful urban
vocational raised
Rewrite the following sentences using the words in brackets from the same word family:
1- Sharabi wrote about his ……………..…… and anger when he returned to Jaffa. (bitter)
2- He says that these old tiles are very …………………….(specialist)
1- Eward Saeed fought for freedom, equality and ……………… in general (just)
1- What qualifications do the …………..for the post? (requirement)
1-The tow sides are looking for a ………………….. compromise to the conflict (politics)
Write each word in the box next to its definition below:
Patriotic freedom Culture enthusiastic famous justice
1- …………………….: the right or opportunity to do what you want, not limited or controlled by rules.
2- …………………….: relating to ideas beliefs and away of behaving in a society .
3- …………………….: treatment of people fairly and rightly
4- …………………….: give all your attention of efforts to something
5- ……………………. : someone who is known to a lot of people.
6- …………………….: showing love for one’s country.
Form compound adjective + noun from the underlined words in the following
1- A trip of 1.5 miles to the island. …………………………….
2-A city that is one of the world’s most famous. ………..............……….
3- A community that is Chinese and also American. ………................….

أقسام موضوع التعبير
- الجملة الرئيسية وتعبر عن الفكرة الرئيسية للموضوع Topic sentence
Detail sentences - الفقرات التفصيلية للموضوع
Conclusion – الخاتمة
خطوات كتابة موضوع تعبير
1- تحديد العنوان جيدا ويكون قابل للتطوير
2- تحديد كلمات هامة تستخدم أثناء الكتابة
3- تطوير الكلمات ووضعها في جمل منفصلة
4- ربط الجمل يبعضها ووضعها في فقرات
5 التأكد من كتابة الجمل نحويا صح
6 – نستخدم بعض الرابط لربط الجمل أو للبدا بالفقرات
1- Globalization

الفقرة الأولى ( الفكرة الرئيسية (small city – better life – destroy life – age of globalization
الفقرة الثانية (forms: transport – telecommunication – benefits: food – clothes - energy )
الفقرة الثالثة ((cheap manufacturing – industries – Far East - free trade – taxes – costs
الفقرة الرابعة ( الخاتمة (advantages and disadvantages

تطوير الكلمات لجمل
الفقرة الأولى :
We live in the age globalization
Globalization make the world a small city
Globalization give better life to many people
Globalization destroys the life of some people
ربط الجمل يبعضها والتأكد من كتباتها بشكل صحيح مع استخدام روابط
No doubt that we live in the age of globalization, which makes the world as a small city. In fact globalization gives many people better life, but it also destroys the life of others.

الفقرة الثانية :
globalization has many forms, including transport, telecommunication and manufacturing. globalization brings us many benefits like food , clothes, energy and machines we use.
ربط الجمل يبعضا البعض باستخدام روابط وكتابتها بشكل صحيح

As a matter of fact, globalization has many forms, including transport, telecommunication and manufacturing. However, it brings us many benefits like food , clothes, energy and machines we use.
الفقرة الثالثة:
cheap globalized manufacturing in the Far East destroys industries
some countries tries to protect their industries through higher import taxes
free trade always wins because if offers the widest choice at the lowest price .
ربط الجمل يبعضا البعض باستخدام روابط وكتابتها بشكل صحيح
However, cheap globalized manufacturing in the Far East destroys industries in other parts of the world especially those with higher costs. Therefore, some countries tries to protect their industries through higher import taxes. Unfortunately, free trade always wins because if offers the widest choice at the lowest price .

الفقرة الرابعة :
globalization has many advantages and many disadvantages

Finally, it is clear that globalization has many advantages, but it has also many disadvantages


Globalization
No doubt that we live in the age of globalization, which makes the world a small city. In fact globalization gives many people better life but it also destroys the life of others.

As a matter of fact, globalization has many forms, including transport, telecommunication and manufacturing. However, it brings us many benefits like food , clothes, energy and machines we use.

However, cheap globalized manufacturing in the Far East destroys industries in other parts of the world especially those with higher costs. Therefore, some countries tries to protect their industries through higher import taxes. Unfortunately, free trade always wins because if offers the widest choice at the lowest price .

Finally, it is clear that globalization has many advantages, but it has also many disadvantages


























2- Oil
How is it formed ?
How is global consumption of oil increasing ?
What can we get from oil ?
Write about the dangers and alternatives of oil if they can replace it
الفقرة الأولى : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الأولي
( important – industries - heat – pressure - animals – plants )
عمل جمل وربطها
Oil is the most important product for many countries.
Oil is used for many industries
Oil was formed millions of years ago by heat and pressure on plant and animals remains
ربط الجمل بشكل صحيح
We can’t deny that, Oil is the most important product for many countries, because it is used for many industries. However, Oil was formed by heat and pressure on plants and animals’ remains millions of years ago.
الفقرة الثانية: : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الثانية
( supply – demand –global - consumption – world – everywhere - developed countries – manufacturing )
عمل جمل وربطها
Global consumption of oil is increasing all over the world quickly.
Supply can hardly keep with demand
Oil consumption is increasing everywhere.
Oil consumption is increasing in the developed countries.
Oil consumption is increasing because of manufacturing
ربط الجمل بشكل صحيح
In fact, global consumption of oil is increasing all over the world quickly. As result of this, Supply can hardly keep with demand. Oil consumption is increasing everywhere, especially in the developed countries, because of manufacturing.

الفقرة الثالثة: كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الثالثة
(clean products - plastic – petrochemicals – medicine)
عمل جمل وربطها
We get from oil the petrochemicals
the petrochemicals give us a lot of products
we get plastic toys, clean products and medicine.
ربط الجمل بشكل صحيح
How ever, from oil we can get the petrochemicals, which give us a lot of products like plastic toys, clean products and medicine.
الفقرة الرابعة : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الرابعة
( overuse - energy cap – energy sources - Chaos – renewable energy - wind power – replace – development – amounts )
عمل جمل وربطها
Overuse of oil may lead us to the energy cap
The energy cap causes social and economical chaos
Scientists everywhere are developing energy sources to replace oil
Alternatives of oil can include renewable energy like wind power, sun, or Hydrogen
alternatives can’t provide huge amounts
Alternatives of oil need more development
ربط الجمل بشكل صحيح

We should know that, the overuse of oil may lead us to the energy cap, which will cause a social and economical chaos. So Scientists everywhere are developing energy sources to replace oil. The alternatives of oil can include renewable energy like wind power, sun, or hydrogen. However, these alternatives can’t provide huge amounts as oil, and they still need more development.

Finally, we can say that, oil is a treasure that we must do our best to reduce our use of it to make it lasts longer.

Oil
We can’t deny that, Oil is the most important product for many countries, because it is used for many industries. However, oil was formed by heat and pressure on plants and animals’ remains millions of years ago.

In fact, global consumption of oil is increasing all over the world quickly. As result of this, Supply can hardly keep with demand. Oil consumption is increasing everywhere, especially in the developed countries, because of manufacturing.
However, from oil we can get the petrochemicals, which give us a lot of products like plastic toys, clean products and medicine.

The overuse of oil may lead us to the energy cap, which will cause a social and economical chaos. So scientists everywhere are developing energy sources to replace oil. The alternatives of oil can include renewable energy like wind power, sun, or hydrogen. However, these alternatives can’t provide huge amounts as oil and they still need more development.

Finally, we can say that oil is a treasure that we must do our best to reduce our use of it to make it lasts longer.















3- University life

Describe the first days in the university
Meeting people and making friends
How to be organized and use time carefully?
The importance of the university library
الفقرة الأولى : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الأولي
(a whole new world - first year students- Nervous – hide - feelings - - quite scary)
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
university life is very important to all fist year students.
University life is a whole new world
University life can be quite scary
First year students feel nervous and shy
Some students are better at hiding their feelings
تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض
The university life is very important to all fist year students, as it is a whole new world and it can be quite scary. At the beginning, first year students will feel nervous and shy, but some other students are better at hiding their feelings.

الفقرة الثانية : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الثانية
(first semester - make friends - support group- interests- homesick - Meet people - your family
students union - old friends)
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
The first semester is a great time to make friends
people you meet now may become friends for life
when you meet people in clubs and student union you’ll go through lot together, good and bad
people you meet will be part of your support group, and you’ll be part of theirs
don’t forget your old friends of family.
تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض
The first semester is a great time to make friends, and those people you meet now may become friends for life. However, you meet people in clubs and student union you’ll go through lot together, good and bad. They will be part of your support group, and you’ll be part of theirs. But I advise you not to forget your old friends and family.
الفقرة الثالثة : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الثالثة
(life - organized – lectures- scheduled – lazy - work - properly - free time – main points – “to do lists” - to priority - balance - all the time)
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
You will find your life less organized
There will be lectures and many work not scheduled
Write down the main points
Don’t be lazy and work properly
You must use your free time
You don’t need to work all the time
Make balance between work and rest
You have to make daily and weekly d “to do lists”
Sep up your top priorities
تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض

You will find your life less organized, because there will be lectures and many work not scheduled. Write down the main points, don’t be lazy and work properly. Moreover, you must use your free time properly. You don’t need to work all the time but make a balance between work and rest. It is important to make daily and weekly “to do lists” and sep up your top priorities.

الفقرة الرابعة : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الرابعة
( journals – books - internet - references - further reading – computer - information )
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
The university library is very important
You can find books, journals and other references for further reading
You can check computer and photocopy facilities or go to the internet for more information

تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض

You have to know that, the university library is very important. You can find there books, journals as well as other references for further reading. Moreover, you can check computer and photocopy facilities or go to the internet for more information that you need.

Finally, I will say that university life is a whole new world that you must face and deal with it properly


university life

The university life is very important to all first year students, as it is a whole new world, and it can be quite scary. At the beginning, first year students will feel nervous and shy, but some other students are better at hiding their feelings.

The first semester is a great time to make friends, and those people you meet now may become friends for life. However, you meet people in clubs and students’ union, you’ll go through alot together, good and bad. They will be part of your support group, and you’ll be part of theirs. But I advise you not to forget your old friends and family.


You will find your life less organized, because there will be lectures and many work not scheduled. Write down the main points, don’t be lazy and work properly. Moreover, you must use your free time properly. You don’t need to work all the time but make a balance between work and rest. It is important to make daily and weekly “to do lists” and sep up your top priorities.

You have to know that, the university library is very important. You can find there books, journals as well as other references for further reading. Moreover, you can check computer and photocopy facilities or go to the internet for more information that you need.
Finally, I will say that university life is a whole new world that you must face and deal with it properly.



4- Over Population
The population in the past and future
The main reasons for population slow-down
The problems of a much lager population than we already have
Decreasing population growth is a chance for a better future for all

الفقرة الأولى : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الأولي
(The world - problem – over population - countries - numbers - century - diseases – increase – slow – growth - prediction - future - face )
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة

Over population is a serious problem that many countries face.
The world was facing an over population
The numbers rose slowly and even sometimes declined due to diseases
It is also predicted that growth of population will start to slow soon after 2020
recent predictions show a population decline
تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض
We can’t deny that, Over population is a serious problem that many countries face. In the past, the numbers rose slowly and even sometimes declined due to diseases, but now the world is facing an over population, because numbers are still increasing rapidly. However, it is also predicted that growth of population will start to slow in the future.
الفقرة الثانية : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الثانية

(Economy – education – family –skill - good pay - children - parents - careers - birth control - modern mothers )
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
The main reasons for population slow-down are education and economy and better health care
Families had many children because some of them were expected to die
Some children were needed to keep the family alive
Economy and education offer a fast way to a good pay and a good life style
with education and some skills, modern mothers have small families to be able to return to their careers
Modern methods of birth control allow parents to decide the size of their families
تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض
The main reasons for population slow-down are education, economy and better health care. Families in the past, had many children because some of them were expected to die. However, Some children were needed to keep the family alive. Moreover, economy and education offer a fast way to a good pay and a good life style. With education and some skills, modern mothers have small families to be able to retune to their careers. Modern methods of birth control also allow parents to decide the size of their families.

الفقرة الثالثة : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الثالثة
(shock – demands - pressures - environment - global warming - natural sources - climate changes)
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
There will be a shock of a much lager population than we already have
There will be major demands on the natural resources
The natural resources are water, power and lands
There will be major pressures on the environment , global warming and may be climate changes

تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض
The slow-down in world population growth is good, but there will be a shock of a much lager population than we already have. On one hand, there will be major demands on the natural resources include water, power and lands. On the other hand, there will be major pressures on the environment , global warming and may be climate changes

الفقرة الرابعة : كتابة بعض الكلمات المتعلقة بالفكرة الرابعة
(intelligence - abilities - compete - damage – conflict- chance - work- cooperation – environment )
تطوير الكلمات وعمل جمل مفيدة
We have to use our intelligence and abilities to work together
We have not to compete with each other
We shouldn’t damage the environment
We have to choose cooperation over conflict
تطوير الجمل وربطها ببعض
Finally, to live peacefully without problems, We have to use our intelligence and abilities to work together and not to compete with each other to damage the environment. We have to choose cooperation over conflict for a better future for all.


Over population
We can’t deny that, Over population is a serious problem that many countries face. In the past, the numbers rose slowly and even sometimes declined due to diseases, but now the world is facing an over population, because numbers are still increasing rapidly. However, it is also predicted that growth of population will start to slow in the future.

The main reasons for population slow-down are education and economy. Families in the past, had many children because some of them were expected to die. However, Some children were needed to keep the family alive. Moreover, economy and education offer a fast way to a good pay and a good life style. With education and some skills, modern mothers have small families to be able to return to their careers. Modern methods of birth control also allow parents to decide the size of their families.

The slow-down in world population growth is good, but there will be a shock of a much lager population than we already have. On one hand, there will be major demands on the natural resources include water, power and lands. On the other hand, there will be major pressures on the environment, global warming and may be climate changes.

Finally, to live peacefully without problems, We have to use our intelligence and abilities to work together and not to compete with each other to damage the environment. We have to choose cooperation over conflict for a better future for all.




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