مركز الكرامة التعليمي ابراج الكرامة بغزه برج 3 جوال0599691186لصاحبه سمير حماد

مركز الكرامة التعليمي تعليم متميز دقه في توصيل المعلومات بطريقه بسيطه وملخصة زورونا تجدوا ما يسركم لسنا الوحيدون ولكننا المتميزون
 
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تاريخ التسجيل : 28/03/2012
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مُساهمةموضوع: الصف العاشر منهج جديد    الثلاثاء مارس 31, 2015 12:01 am

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مركز الكرامه التعليمي تعليم ابتدائ اعدادي ثانوي وفرع من فروع حساب الذكاء العقلي دورات لغات وكبيوتر العنوان ابراج الكرامه غزة النصر برج 3 جوال 9691186علي


unit7
Active and passive
المبني للمعلوم والمبني للمجهول

**عند التحويل من معلوم إلى مجهول يجب إتباع الأتي :

* تحديد الفاعل و الفعل والمفعول به
* تحديد زمن الفعل
1* إذا كان الفعل مضارع بسيط ( تصريف أول ) يأخذ is / are + 3
2* إذا كان الفعل ماضي بسيط ( تصريف ثاني ) يأخذ was / were + 3
3* إذا كان الفعل مضارع تام ( has / have + 3 ) يأخذ ( has / have + been + 3 )
* نضع المفعول به في أول الجملة
* نضع تركيبة الفعل كما هو موضح في النقاط السابقة
* ثم نضع الفاعل مسبوقا بكلمة by
مثال
Ahmad eats apples
مفعول به / فعل / فاعل
نلاحظ أن الفعل تصريف أول إذن يأخذ ( is / are + 3 )
is للمفرد are للجمع
نأتي بالمفعول به apples في بداية الجملة
نلاحظ أن المفعول به جمع إذن يأخذ are
ثم نضع التصريف الثالث من الفعل eat وهو eaten
فتصبح الجملة
Apples are eaten ( by Ahmad )

High wall protect the old city (passive)
__________________________________________________.
She painted the house (passive).
__________________________________________________.
They have written many stories (passive).
__________________________________________________.


تابع المعلوم والمجهول

إذا كان الفعل مضارع المستمر ( am / is / are + ing ) يأخذ ( am / is / are + being + 3 )
إذا كان الفعل ماضي مستمر ( was / were + ing ) يأخذ ( was / were + being + 3 )
إذا كان الفعل ماضي تام ( had + 3 ) يأخذ ( had + been + 3 )
إذا كان الفعل مستقبل ( مصدر + will ) يأخذ ( will + be + 3 )
إذا كان الفعل ( مصدر + ( am / is / are + going to يأخذ ( am / is / are + going to + be + 3 )
He is playing football (passive).
__________________________________________________.
A new medicine was being developed by the scientists (active)
__________________________________________________.
Jericho had been built by jobsites thousands of years ago (active)
__________________________________________________.
Experimental prototypes will be built by the scientists (active)
____________________________________________

The passive questions
أسئلة المجهول
LANGUAGE
A-Choose the correct answer from a , b , or c.
1.The Dome of the Rock…………………………………. About 1,300 years ago.
a- was completed b-has been completed c-completed
2.Old remains…………………….. everywhere in Palestine.
a- find b- are found c- are find
3.In recent years, some beautiful Byzantine floors…………………….. in Gaza.
a-has been discovered b-have been discovered c-have discovered
4- By the end of Ptolemy's life Alexandria………….. into a great city by him.
a – had been turned b- had turned c- had been turn
B-Rewrite the following sentences using the words in brackets :
1-Thousands of people visit Jerusalem every year . ( begin with Jerusalem )
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2-Egypt's rulers built the Great Pyramids 4,500 years ago .(change into passive)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3-The five gates of Jerusalem have altered to allow traffic to go through them .(correct)
4-Alexander the Great began Alexandria’s construction in 332 BC (passive )
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
5-They have recently discovered the remains of the Pharos tower under water. (Passive)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6-Mamluks had ruled Jerusalem for 3cunturies .(use by)
كيف تستطيع تكون سؤال في المجهول
مثال
The workers built a new hospital in Rafah three years ago .
عند التحويل
A new hospital was built in Rafah three years ago by the workers
عند تكوين السؤال في الجملة السابقة بدون اى أداة
Was a new hospital built in Rafah three years ago by the workers.?
لاحظ تم تقديم الفعل المساعد في أول الجملة فقط دون تغير على الجملة
إذا طلب منك تكوين سؤال wh ( when / where / who / what )
مثال
استخدام when كسؤال في الجملة السابقة
When A new hospital was built in Rafah by the workers ?
لاحظ حذفنا الكلمات الدالة على الزمن three years ago

Was the fire fighting robot being developed by professor bradawl? (use what )
__________________________________________.
Scientists are developing many new ideas (make passive question)
__________________________________________________.
Unit 8
Reported speech الكلام المنقول
أولا : الجمل الخبرية
نقل خبر في المضارع :
* عندما يكون فعل القول ( tell - say ) في المضارع ، لا يتغير زمن الفعل في الكلام المباشر عند تحويله إلي غير مباشر . ولكن تتغير الضمائر والصفات والظروف
1- Direct : She says , " I haven't done my homework "
Indirect : She says that she hasn't done her homework
* لاحظ ما يلي :
استخدام that بعد فعل القول says
حذف علامات التنصيص " ......... "
- تحويل I إلي She .. وتحويل my إلي her
- تحويل haven't إلي hasn't لأن She مفرد .
ضمير الفاعل I يعامل معاملة الضمائر الجمع
نقل خبر في الماضي
عندما يكون فعل القول في الماضي ( said – told ) يتغير زمن الفعل في الكلام المباشر من المضارع إلي الماضي عند تحويله إلي غير مباشر .. كما يلي
Will ----> would
Shall ----> should
Can ---- > could
Must - ---> had to وكذلك نحول :
المضارع البسيط إلي ماضي بسيط
المضارع المستمر إلي ماضي مستمر
الماضي المستمر إلي ماضي تام مستمر
المضارع التام إلي ماضي تام
الماضي البسيط إلي ماضي تام

بالإضافة إلي تغيير الأزمنة ، هناك كلمات أخري تحتاج تغييرها عند التحويل من الكلام. المباشر إلي الكلام الغير مباشر
Tomorrow ----> the next day
Here ----> there
This morning ----> that morning
Tonight ----> that night
Next Tuesday / on Tuesday ----> the following Tuesday
Last Tuesday ----> the previous Tuesday
Last ----> the previous
Yesterday ---- > the day before
This ----> that
Today ----> that day
The day after tomorrow ---> in two days' time

نقل خبر في الماضي
Direct : " I'll talk to Mr. Jones. " he said
Indirect : He said that he'd talk to Mr. Jones
ملاحظة / كلمات القول من المكن أن تأتي في بداية الجملة أو في الوسط أو في أخر الجملة
ملاحظة / لا تنسى وضع علامات تنصيص للكلام المباشر " "
Joe said, "I like reading." (Report).
__________________________________________________.
The teacher explained, "I used a new vocabulary." (Report).
__________________________________________________.
Hassan reported, "they are playing well." (report)
__________________________________________________.
The headmaster added," I have given a new chance." (report)
__________________________________________________.
My parents said." you must study hard." (report)
_____________________________________.
A- Give the reported speech forms of the following:
1. ' I don't want to wear the raincoat outside,' the little girl says.
………………………………………………………………………................
2. ' Could you show me your book?' Ali asks me.
…………………………………………………………………………………
3. ' Could you tell me the time, please?' the man asks the boy.
…………………………………………………………………………………
4. ' Don't make any noise,' the teacher says to the students.
…………………………………………………………………………………
5. ' Is everyday life hard?' the interviewer asks.
…………………………………………………………………………………
6. Jane finishes by asking him, ' Do you think it'll happen?'
…………………………………………………………………………………
7 . ' Would you like to visit England?' Jenny invites Waleed.
…………………………………………………………………………
B - Change into reported speech.
1. If I had money, I will lend you,' He said to her.
…………………………………………………………………………
2. ' Where will you go tonight?' He asked them.
………………………………………………………………………….
3. ' Did you see the match yesterday?' Ahmed asked Fouad.
…………………………………………………………………………
4. ' I can't understand the point you explain,' she went on.
…………………………………………………………………………
5. ' Ahmed, you must see the doctor,' she believed.
…………………………………………………………………………
6. ' I am going home, but where are you going? Kamal said to Waleed.
………………………………………………………………………………………..
A- Choose the correct answer:
1- He [ said- told – asked – exclaimed ] me that it was the first time he [ had been – must be – has been – have been ] there.
2- He told his sister that [ he – him – she – her ] had not told him about buying the wheelchair [ yesterday – the day before – the last day – a day ago ] .
3- He always says that he never [ tells – had told – had been told – has told ] a lie.
4- She asked him when [ he – him – his – himself ] had given her the book.
5- She asked him when [ he – him – his – himself ] book had given to her.
6- She asked me [ do I want – did I want – if I wanted – had I wanted ] to sell the house.
7- Samar tells Deema that [ she – I – her – he ] come to play with [ she – her – he – him ]
8- Her mother wanted to know what [ did she want – has she wanted – she had wanted – had she wanted ] from her father.
9- Yesterday, he [ asked – said – told – exclaimed] me if I [ meet – met – had met – have met ] Ali [ last week – the week before – a week ago – this week ]
The teacher asked the pupils if [ you – they – them – their ] understood [ that – these – Position of


unit 9
Type 1
If + Present Simple, will+ infinitive
مصدر ( تصريف أول مجرد ) + will , مضارع بسيط + if
هذه الحالة تستخدم في التنبؤ بالمستقبل
If he studies hard, he will succeed
Type 2
If + Past simple, would + infinitive
مصدر ( تصريف أول مجرد ) + ' would ماضي بسيط + if
تستخدم هذه الحالة للتخيلات
If he studied hard, he would succeed


Type 3
If + Past Perfect, would have + P.P
تصريف 3 + would have " مضارع تام + if
تستخدم هذه الحالة للتخيلات والأشياء الغير حقيقية
If he had studied hard, he would have succeeded

قاعدة If
الحالة الأولي :
if+ present simple …………will+ verb ( infinitive )
مستقبل بسيط > -------, مضارع بسيط >------ If
في هذه الحالة نتحدث عن مستقبل .. ونستخدمها عندما يكون هناك
احتمال حقيقي أن الحدث في جملة if سيحدث .
أمثلة :
If I find the watch , I'll tell you
If I feel better , I will go out tonight
If we run , we will catch the train
I'll come and see you if I have enough time
If I don't feel better , I'll stay at home tonight
If you drop it , it'll break
If the sun shines, we'll go to the beach
الحالة الثانية :
if+ past simple ………..would + verb ( infinitive)
مصدر + Would------ >, ماضي بسيط > -------- If
في هذه الحالة نتحدث عن مضارع أو مستقبل .. ونستخدمها عندما يكون
الحدث في جملة if غير محتمل الحدوث .
في هذه الحالة نتخيل الموقف ولكن لا نتوقع أن شيئا ما سيحدث
أمثلة :
If I found a wallet in the street , I would take it to the police
( في هذا المثال لا أتوقع أن أجد محفظة ولكن أتخيل ما سيحدث إذا وجدتها )
If I lived by the sea , I would do a lot of swimming
If they asked me to work for them , I would accept
If John was here , he wouldn't be very happy
If I were you , I would change my job
If I had enough money , I would give you some
الحالة الثالثة :
if+ had+ pp………would have +pp
if+ past simple ………..would + verb ( infinitive
التصريف الثالث للفعل + would have----->, ماضي تام < ----- If
في هذه الحالة نتحدث عن ماضي . ونستخدمها عندما نتحدث عن مواقف ماضية لم تحدث . هنا يوجد فعلين في الماضي .
وفي هذه الحالة نعبر عن عدم حدوث جواب الشرط ( في الماضي ) لأن فعل الشرط لم يحدث ( في الماضي ) .
أمثلة :
If I had been hungry , I would have eaten something
If I had worked harder , I would have passed the exam
If I had passed the exams , I would have gone to Art college
If you had asked me , I would have lent you my car
If you had asked me for tickets , I would have got you some
If I had gone to bed early , I would have got up early



A- Choose the correct forms to complete the sentences:

1. If we heat water, it .............................
a) evaporates b) evaporate c) would evaporate d) evaporated
2. If you lived in Germany, it .................................. different.
a) has been b) is c) will be d) would be
3. If it rains heavily, I ..................................... at home.
a) stay b) stayed c) would stay d) will stay

4. If I had been born in the USA, I would probably ................... to play baseball.
a) learned b) learn c) have learned d) be learning
5. What will you do if the weather ............................. bad on Friday.
a) was b) is c) will be d) would be
6. If I .......................... rich, I would buy a new car.
a) was b) am c) were d) been
7. If I hadn’t been tired, I ................................ my uncle.
a) would visit b) might visit c) would have visited d) would have visit
8. If you heat ice, it ...................................
a) will melt b) is melting c) melts d) melt
B- Write the sentences again. Use the words in brackets:
1. It (take) eight hours. They (go) by car. ( If )
..............................................................................................................................
2. Mahmoud didn’t study hard, so he didn’t get high marks. ( If )
.............................................................................................................................
3. I (have) the chance to travel, I (go to) Canada. ( If )
............................................................................................................................
4. I wasn’t hungry, so I didn’t eat anything. ( If )
...........................................................................................................................
5. Water freezes. Turn into ice. ( If )
..........................................................................................................................
6. I (find) a wallet full of money. I (give) it to the police station. ( If )
...........................................................................................................................
Unit 10
________________________________________
ستخدام : some .. any .. much .. many .. a lot of .. a few

استخدام some و any


*** نستخدم some في الجمل المثبتة

1- مع الأسماء المعدودة الجمع

وصل بعض الناس some people arrived

أريد بعض البيض من فضلك I'd like some eggs , please

2- مع الأسماء الغير معدودة
إشتريت بعض اللبن I bought some milk

إريد بعض الماء من فضلك I'd like some water , please

3- وكذلك تستخدم some في العروض

هل تريد بعض القهوة ؟ would you like some coffee

هل تريد بعض البرتقال ؟ Would you like some oranges

*** تستخدم any في الجمل المنفية والأسئلة

1- مع الأسماء المعدودة الجمع

هل قابلت أي أصدقاء في المدينة ؟ Did you meet any friends in town

لم أشتري أي بيض I didn't buy any eggs

2- مع الأسماء الغير معدودة

هل إشتريت أي لبن ؟ Did you buy any milk

لم يكن عندي أي ماء I didn't have any water

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

استخدام much و many و a lot of و a few و a little


*** نستخدم much مع الأسماء الغير معدودة في الأسئلة والجمل المنفية

We haven't got much time

ليس لدينا وقت كثير

؟ Have you got much work to do

هل لديك عمل كثير لتفعله ؟

*** نستخدم many مع الأسماء الجمع المعدودة في الأسئلة والجمل المنفية

There aren't many tourists here this year

لا يوجد سائحون كثيرون هنا هذا العام

؟ Are there many restaurants in town

هل يوجد مطاعم كثيرة في المدينة ؟

*** نستخدم a lot of مع الأسماء المعدودة والغير معدودة في الجمل المثبتة

There are a lot of new students in the class

يوجد كثير من الطلبة الجدد في الفصل

We bought a lot of fruit

إشترينا كثير من الفاكهة

*** نستخدم a few مع الأسماء المعدودة الجمع في الجمل المثبتة

I have got a few friends

لدي أصدقاء قليلون

We waited a few minutes and then left

إنتظرنا دقائق قليلة ثم غادرنا

*** نستخدم a little مع الأسماء الغير معدودة في الجمل المثبتة

I have got a little money

لدي نقود قليلة

She speaks a little Arabic

هي تتكلم قليل من اللغة العربية

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a lot of - some - any


These are very useful when speaking English. many students forget to use them.

For any amount use "some."

I bought groceries at the store.
I bought some groceries at the store.

She has money in her purse.
She has some money in her purse.

There were police at the building.
There were some police at the building.

For large amounts use "a lot of."

He needs help.
He needs a lot of help.

We picked strawberries.
We picked a lot of strawberries.

There are some flies inside the house.
There are a lot of flies inside the house.

Remember that "a lot" can be used when there's not a noun that follows:

A: Did you find any tomatoes?
B: Yeah, a lot.

For small amounts use "not a lot of."

There were people at the party.
There weren't a lot of people at the party.

John has friends.
John doesn't have a lot of friends.

For amounts of zero, use "not" and "any."

She has time.
She doesn't have any time.

There's some bread on the
/ Choose the correct forms to complete the sentences :
1-There ( are – is – was ) some oranges in the fridge .
2-There( isn’t – aren’t - wasn’t ) any milk,but there is some yogurt.
3-Add some chicken so that you ( has – had –have ) something from the meat group
4-There isn´t ( any - some - a )electricity in the city.
5-I´ve got( a – an -some ) apple in my bag.
6-There are( a – some - any ) sandwiches.
7-I´ve got( many - some – an ) orange juice.
8-Is there (an - the - a ) internet café in your town?
9-There aren´t ( some -any – a ) computers in my classroom.
10-Have you got ( many –any - some ) brothers and sisters?
11-My teacher´s got( a - an - the )new car.

مركز الكرامة التعليمي تعليم ابتدائي اعدادى ثانوي دورات كبيوتر ولغات وبرنامج حساب الذكاء العقلي جوال 9691186 العنوان ابراج الكرامه برج 3 غزه النصر
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