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 القطعه المتوقعه لعام 2015 توجيهي

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تاريخ التسجيل : 28/03/2012
الموقع : الملتقي الفتحاوي

مُساهمةموضوع: القطعه المتوقعه لعام 2015 توجيهي    الثلاثاء مارس 31, 2015 12:06 am

Read the following paragraph then answer the questions :
After the 1948 disaster, a million Palestinians lost everything and were forced into a Diaspora t
pread round the planet. For many years, the Palestinian catastrophe and cause then received li
ttention or understanding from the world.
That changed dramatically in 1974, when the late national leader, President Yassir
Arafat, stepped onto the world‟s political stage and spoke to the United Nations. His famous words ra
ut: „Today I have come bearing an olive branch and a freedom fighter's gun. Do not let the olive bran
all From my hand.'
This speech showed the world two things: first that the Palestinian cause could not be forgott
nd secondly that there really could be a peaceful way forward. Arafat's words also affected
0 Palestinians deeply. Many realized that it was necessary to build bridges between Palestine and
West. This was the way to create international understanding and, one day, a free and independ
alestine. Palestinians have been building these bridges in many areas of life. Very importantly, stro
nks have been created in American universities.
One great force there was Edward Saeed (1935–2003), who fought with all the strength of his
5 great mind for freedom, equality and justice in general, and for the future of Palestine in particu
Originally from Jerusalem, he became professor at Columbia University, New York, and, during his l
lso lectured at over 200 other universities. In addition, he wrote 17 books that have been translated i
6 languages. In some, such as Culture and Imperialism (1992), he argued strongly against negat
western views of Oriental cultures. In others, like The Question of Palestine (1980), he argued
0 powerfully for the Palestinian cause. On his death, the poet Mahmoud Darwish wrote: „I cannot
oodbye to Edward Saeed, so present is he among and within us, and so alive around the world.'
Another great Palestinian intellectual was Hisham Sharabi (1927–2005), originally from Ja
nd later an important professor at Georgetown University near Washington. Like Saeed and ot
alestinians, he worked all his life to improve western understanding of Arab and Palestinian issues.
5 He was editor of the Journal of Palestine Studies, and he wrote many books, including his famo
ntroduction to the Study of Arab Society (1975).He also became well known for his televis
ppearances and his many opinion pieces in American newspapers.
.Answer the following questions :
1. What does the date 1948 refer to?
he disaster, a million Palestinians lost everything and were forced into a Diaspora.
.What happened in the 1970s to make the world start thinking much more seriously about the
alestinian situation?
Arafat made a speech to the UN General Assembly which made the world realize that the Palestinian
ause could not be forgotten and that there could be a peaceful way forward.
.what did Arafat's speech show the world ?
his speech showed the world two things: first that the Palestinian cause could not be forgotten, and
econdly that there really could be a peaceful way forward.
.What important ideas did Edward Saeed fought for through his writing?
He fought for freedom, equality and justice in general, and for the future of Palestine in particular.
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مُساهمةموضوع: القطعه المتوقعه العام 2015 القطعة رقم 7-و-4 سمير حماد   السبت مايو 09, 2015 2:17 am

Some scientists fought the loss of this unique natural environment , but the project supporters won. Between 1951 and 1958 , the lake become dry land .
Despite high hopes , things rapidly went wrong thought . As groundwater levels fell, the peat soil dried , creating large underground holes which often collapsed . because peat is a fossil fuel, huge underground fires then started and could not be stopped . At the same time , the peat above turned into dead , black dust, and strong local winds created dust storms that damaged crops .Millions of mice in the newly dry land environment also attacked the crops . By the 1990s ,it was clear the project had failed , and the farmers finally gave up .The area has since been expensively returned mainly to water and wetlands .
The Aswan project started in 1960. unlike lake hula , the Aswan project was very successful and has brought Egypt great benefits , but it , too , has had major side effects The planners had foreseen some, but some they had not. . Everyone knew that as lake Nasser rose behind the dam , 90,000Egyptions and Sudanese would have to leave their homes and farms . It was known that archaeological remains would be lost, but expert teams were given enough time to rescue the best. Piece by piece , they succeeded in getting the wonderful temple of abu Simbel to higher ground .
These effects were well understood , but others were unexpected . Several resulted from holding back the 40m tons of rich sediment that floods had previously carried .
It was not just that the land was no longer naturally fertilized every year, and therefore crops grew less well. Some of the sediments had previously travelled all the way to the coast and had added to the natural sea defenses every year . Without them , the sea has carried away some of the defenses and could now flood Egypt's vital Nile delta farmland . Moreover, the Nile had always carried sediments out to sea. There, tiny sea creatures had fed on them, and fish had gathered to feed on them in turn. When the sediments disappeared , this food chain collapsed- and so did the fishing industry .
Between 1963 and 1969, fish catches fell from 35,000 tons to around 8,000.
Today, we try to work out effects like these before a project starts and to weigh these costs carefully against the likely benefits . This often requires years of research. Little of this happened with Aswan all those years ago. If it had, though, the project would still have gone ahead. The benefits of Egypt have been far, far greater than problems.
Questions (14 points )
1- How long did building the Suez Canal take ?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - -
2-Why was the building of the Suez Canal a big success ?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
3-One of the projects mentioned in the passage had failed, what was it and why ?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
4- Why were underground holes formed ?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
5-What were the expected side effects of building the dam ?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
-- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
6-What are the big projects that the text discuss ?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
8-Complete the following : (1 point )
1-Unexpected side effects of a big project could sometimes cause ……………
9-What do these pronouns refer to ? (3 points)
a-'they' (line 5):………………………………..
b-'that' (line Cool:………………………………..
c-'this' (line 12):………………………………..
10-Say what these words and expressions mean: (5points )
a-'side effects' (line 6): - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
b-'wetlands' (line 11): - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
c-'piece by piece' (line 27): - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
d-'food chain' (line 37): - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
e-'fish catches' (line 38): - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
11-What do these numbers refer to ? (2points)
a-1960 (line 22): - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
b-40m (line 30) : - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
12-Decide whether each of the following sentences is TRUE or FALSE :(3points)
1-The Suez Canal wasn’t a successful project . [ ]
2-There were no side effects in building the High Dam . [ ]
3-The Suez Canal endangered some important remains in the area . [ ]
13-Give words from the text that mean the same as : (3points )
a- very small : - - - - - - b-gradually : - - - - - - - c-advantages : - - - - - - -
d-quickly : - - - - - - - e-save : - - - - - - - -f-destroyed : - - - - - - - -
14-find words in the passage that mean almost the opposite of the following:(3points
a-artificial: - - - - - - - b- minor: - - - - - - - c- alive: - - - - - - - -
d-weak : - - - - - - - -e-continued : - - - - - - - - f-failure : - - - - - - - - -

B Vocabulary
1-Complete each of the following sentences with appropriate word from the box : (4points)
[ conflict -side effects -holds back -faced- beauty- heritage ]
1This medicine has some - - - - - - -
2-There are many areas which have natural - - - - - - -
3-The Israeli occupation - - - - - - our development .
4-The Palestinian farmers - - - - - - a lot of problems.
5-The - - - - - - between the Jews and Arabs is on land.
2-Write each word in the brackets next to its definition below (5points)
[ piece by piece – drought –heritage – planning – artificial ]
1_ - - - -- - - - :to make or set goals
2_ - - - - - - - -:shortage of water
3_ - - - - - - - --:precious thing which was left by previous generation
4_ - - - - - - - --:not natural used in industry or farming
5_ - - - - - - ---:gradually
3-Choose the correct form of the words in brackets to complete the sentences: (3points)
1- My father was (proud - proudly)of his country.
2-We (final-finally) finished in 1970.
3-Farmers spend (heavy-heavily) on fertilizers.
4-Choose words from the brackets that have the same meaning of the underlined words to complete the sentences:
[route- situated-constructed- essential]
1-It's necessary to conserve water and it's - - - - - - to fix the broken connections .
2-This way leads to school but this - - - - - - leads to my house .
3-Palestine is located in Asia , whereas Egypt is - - - - - in Africa .
4- Ancient Egyptians built the pyramids and Chinese people ……….. the Great Wall of China.
5-Match the words in the brackets with their opposites : (4points)
[natural- failed- tiny- effects]
1- huge : - - - - 2-artificial : - - - - - - - 3-succeded : - - - - - - - 4- causes: - - - -
6-Choose the correct answer from a, b or c:- (4points)
1The Dead Sea is 56 kilometers - - - - - - - -.
a- wide b- width c- a width of
2-Aswan is in - - - - - - - of Egypt.
a- south b- the south c- the south of
3-He - - - - - - - work after a tiring search.
a- discovered b- found c- explored
4-The project should suit human - - - - - - -.
a- necessities b- requirements c- needs
7- Complete each of the following sentences with another word from the same word family :(3points)
1-The - - - - - -of Mount Everest is about 8,000 meters. [high]
2-Gaza is a - - - - - - - place for tourists. [beauty]
3-Egyptian farmers suffered from disastrous - - - - - . [dry]
8- A)Match words in brackets to the words below to make word pairs: (3points)
[chain - hopes - human]
1-food - - - - - - 2- high - - - - - - - 3- - - - - - - needs
B)write the fractions and abbreviations in the box with the words below : (4 points)
9/10 - SW - min – km(s)
a-minimum : - - - - - - - - b-kilometers: - - - - - - - -
c-south-west: - - - - - - - - d-nine-tenths: - - - - - - - -

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مُساهمةموضوع: توقعات اسئلة الورقة الاولي من الوحدة السابعة لعام 2015   السبت مايو 09, 2015 2:21 am

, many people lose concentration and others worry endlessly about small things. Some people sleep badly and suffer bad dreams.
Anxiety attacks are a common physical reaction. This is when one's hands get sweaty, the heart starts beating too fast and one may begin to shake.
As for strange behaviour, some people start crying for no apparent reason.
Others begin to eat too much or too little, or drink alcohol or take drugs. Some of these forms of behaviour are dangerously self-destructive. Fortunately, much can be done to reduce or even get rid of negative stress. First, though people must accept that they are stressed and understand the causes and effects. Having done that, action becomes possible.
Several simple things can help. One should eat well-balanced meals and also get regular
exercise – walking, swimming or cycling for example. Discussing problems with a student
counsellor, friend or family member can also help greatly: ‘a problem shared is a problem halved’. These are simply general things everybody should do anyway, but there are also particular sorts of action one can take in particular situations. Here are just two.
Some stressors can be stopped completely – trying to do too many things, for example.
Here, people need to study their ‘to do’ lists, decide what is really important, and then find
ways of reducing other tasks. Having done this, they will enjoy more the things they still
do – and probably do them better, too. Sometimes, stress is impossible to prevent, but much can be done to reduce its effects. With exam preparation, for example, managing time better helps greatly . One should plan a sensible revision timetable and then stick to it . This creates a feeling of control, and this in turn reduces worry and anxiety. Finally, negative stress almost always disappears as something new and difficult in life becomes normal. It may even become fun and exciting – a positive stressor, in other words. Just think of the nervous learner driver who improves and starts looking forward to lessons – and even to the best!
Questions:
1. What is meant by stress?
………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Why is stress part of every day life?
………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Why do we need stress?
………………………………………………………………………………………………
4-How can one reduce stress ?
………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. Why is it necessary to know the causes and effects of stress ?
………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. What are the mental signs of stress?
………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. How does stress normally disappear?
………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. What are the four signs of stress mentioned in the passage?
a. ............................................... b. ...............................................
c. ............................................... d. ...............................................
9. Give two examples of strange behavior:
a. .......................................................................................................................................
b. ......................................................................................................................................
10. What signs of stress are these examples of ?
a. a sudden feeling of shakiness .....................................................
b. difficulty in sleeping .............................................................
c. a sudden feeling of anger .............................................................
Complete :
a. We need some stress in our life to ……………………………………
b. Drinking alcohol and taking drugs are ……………………………….
Decide whether each of the following sentences are True or False:
a. Playing tennis can reduce stress. ( )
b. All forms of strange behaviour are self-destructive. ( )
c. The same person may be affected by all the signs of stress at the same time. ( )
e. The confident person is always successful. ( )
f. Stress is only a negative reaction leading to feeling like anxiety . ( )
g. The same stressor can affect two people differently . ( )
Say what these words and phrases mean:
1. Line 10: everyday life: ……………………………………………………
2. Line 14: stressors : ……………………………………………………
3. Line 24: self-destructive : ……………………………………………………
4. Line 29: 'a problem shared is a problem halved: …………………………………………

Choose the correct answer from a, b, c, d:
a. According to the passage stress is considered very ……………………
a. unnecessary b. unimportant c. normal d. suitable
b. A closest meaning for the world “anxiety"……………………
a. worry b. happiness c. sadness d. refusal
c. According to the passage if you have a lot of positive stress, you will be very …………
a. furious b. annoyed c. embarrassed d. pleased
d. Marriage , festivals and death are called:
a. stress b. stressors c. stressing d. stressed
e. We can ………….….. negative stress effects .
a. decline b. incline c. increase d. reclaim
What do these pronouns refer to?
a. 'it' line (10) ………………… b. " them " line (15) ………………………
c. " this " line (19) …………… … d. " they " line (24) ………………………
e. 'they' line (33) ………………....... f. " them " line (34) ………………………
Find in the passage a word(s) that gives the meaning of :
a. usual …………………… b. pressure …………………… c. lively …………
d. sure ……………………. e. great fear : ……………………
f. complete diet ……………g. clear : ……………………………
Find in the passage a word(s) that gives the opposite of :
a. easy…………………… b. happiness …………………. c. interesting …………
d. death …………………… e. positive …………………… f. strange ………….
g. exclude ………………….. h. effects …………………… i. unluckily …………
j. increase …………….….… k. refuse ……………...……… l. success ………….
Vocabulary
1-Complete the following sentences using the definitions below:
upset , accept , concentrate on , anxiety , attitudes , confident
1- …………....... : situations we face.
2- ……………... : a feeling of worry or fear.
3- ……………... : worried, anxious and unhappy.
4- ………………: receive or agree.
5- ………………: focus on , think deeply.
6- ……………....: sure.
2-Complete the following sentences using the definitions below:
emotions , panic , failure , festivals , , depression
1- …………….. : great fear, fright.
2- …………….. : your entire feelings.
3- …………….. : celebrations in Eid.
4- …………….. : upset, getting down disappointment.
5- …………….. : lack of success.
3-Complete the following sentences using suitable words from the box:
reaction , anxiety , attitudes , confident , concentration , emotions
1-When one is ……………, he experiences a positive stress and this leads to success.
2-Fear and worry, these ……... easily turn to panic, and failure becomes more likely.
3-Stress is our …………………. to change, whether we see it positively or negatively.
4-Most people think stress is a negative reaction leading to feeling like ……………. .
5-Stress reactions depend not only on the situation, but also on ………………… to it.
4-Complete the following sentences using suitable words from the box:
scale , wife , festivals , emotional , sweaty
1-Holiday ………………… make stress to some people.
2-Signs of stress may be …………………. .
3- When one's hands get……..., the heart starts beating fast and one may begin to shake.
4-Death of a husband or a …....... makes some people feel depressed and sad.
5-Stress ………………….. is measured differently from 0 to 100.
5-Complete the following sentences using suitable phrasal verb from the box:
cheer up , get down , give in , give up , sort out , stressed out
1-I can't argue with my father any more, so I'm going to ………... and do what he says.
2-Ahmed is very sad. Let's go and talk to him and try to …………. him ……………. .
3-Everything is badly organized here. We need you to come and ……... things ………
4-It really ………… me ………….. when I have to waste time looking for things.
5-I spend my time playing football or basketball, so I am going to have to …………..
one or the other.
6-Many problems ………….. our children ………. when their parents fight.
6- Match the words in the box with their synonyms below:
upset , persuade , motivate , stress , anxiety , reduce
1-pressure …………….… 2-bored ………………
3-stimulate ………….…… 4-worry ………………
5-convince ……………… 6-decline ………………
7- Match the words in the box with their opposites below:
effects , future , exclude , strange , boring , stop , lose , positive
1-negative ……………… 2-interesting ………………
3-causes ……………… 4- include ………………
5-normal ……………… 6-past ………………
7-put on (weight) ……………. 8-start ………………
8-Complete the following sentences with another word from the same word family:
1-Your excuse isn’t ……………. to come late. (accept)
2-You have to ……………. on your lessons. (concentration)
3-Good doctors give ……………. services for their patients. (medicine)
9-Complete the following sentences using (effect or affect):
1- This program badly …………….. me
2- Stress has many different .................... on different people .
3- The same situation can ..................... two people very differently .
4- Emotional ................. can include nervousness and depression .
10-Choose the correct answer from a,b,c or d:
1-When I argue with my father I get ……………..
a) glad b) pleased c) upset d) happy
2-When I hear good news , I become ………………..
a) sad b) happy c) unhappy d) worried
3-Ali's brother fell and hurt himself , so Ali was ……………..
a) happy b) worried c) sad d) pleased
4-Nadia is …………….. than Heba .
a) taller b) tall c) the tallest d) tallest
5-Gold is …………… silver .
a) expensive than b) expensive c) more expensive than d) the most expensive
6-Cairo is the ……………….. city in the world
a) crowded b) crowd c) more crowded d) most crowded
7-Ali is ……………. in the class .
a) tall b) taller c) tallest d) the tallest
8- Nadia is the…………….. at school .
a) short b) shortest c) the shortest d) shorter
9-Basim is as ………….. as Hani .
a) tall b) taller than c) the tallest d) taller
10-Mohamed is ……………. than Fadi.
a) good b) best c) better d) the best
11-Fill in each blank with the correct form of the adjectives :
1- Living in villages is .............. than living in cities. ( healthy )
2- English is my .................... subject. How about you ? ( good )
3- I am sure, Arabic is ...............subject. ( interesting )
4- He is the .........................talkative person I have ever seen. ( little )
5- Nour is ............ than she was a year ago. ( thin )
6- Ruba has got ................marks in physics, that is why she seems angry. ( bad )


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الموقع : الملتقي الفتحاوي

مُساهمةموضوع: حمل   الثلاثاء مايو 12, 2015 11:28 am

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القطعه المتوقعه لعام 2015 توجيهي
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